Huang (2018) decomposes the differences in quantile portfolio returns using distribution regression. The main issue of using distribution regression is that the decomposition results are path dependent. In this paper, we are able to obtain path independent decomposition results by combining the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition and the recentered influence function regression method. We show that aggregate composition effects are all positive across quantiles and the market factor is the most significant factor which has detailed composition effect monotonically decreasing with quantiles. The main decomposition results are consistent with Huang (2018)
Machine Impact in Supply Chain Management Original Research Article Country United States
This paper is an analysis on the impact machine learning, Artificial Intelligence, and robotics has on the supply chain management. The analysis covers the basis of AI in the SCM mechanisms while defining it from the ground up. Later on, to shed a true light on supply first the paper zooms in on the effects of machines in marketing. From what particular methodologies are deployed in today’s environment extending all the way to its anticipated outcomes. As the reader progresses he/she will find valuable studies on the main segments of machine learning within the supply chain itself. Certain novelties and innovations are scrutinized regarding SCM alongside these studies. These innovations are exemplified by certain cases presented in Part 3. The penultimate section briefly examines the possible drawbacks of the surge in machine application in SCM. The final section compiles the ideas presented in the paper as a whole and gives a glimpse of an estimate for the near future.
An Assessment of theEffectiveness of Monitoring and Evaluation Methods on the Performance of County Government Projects in the Lake Region Economic Bloc of Nyanza, Kenya Original Research Article Country Kenya
Elijah O. Okeyo || Dr. Jeanne Mogusu || Dr. Nicholus K. Ombachi
In Kenya, the newly promulgated constitution of 2010 (CoK, 2010), provides the basis of monitoring and evaluation as an important tool for operationalizing National and County Government projects to ensure projects success, integrity, transparency and accountability. The county governments are responsible for delivering basic services in collaboration with other agencies and partners to enhance quality of life: however, the county government projects has been marred by lack of integrity, transparency, accountability and litany of other monitoring and evaluation weakness which has undermined the impacts and success of projects including Regional Economic Blocs. Lake Region Economic Bloc (LREB) which comprised of fourteen counties bordering Lake Victoria Basin is not sparred either. The study was conducted in six LREB Counties namely, Migori, Homabay, Kisumu, Siaya, Kakamega and Vihiga chosen in a random manner. This study specifically assessed the effectiveness of Monitoring and Evaluation methods on the Performance of County Governments Projects. The study was guided by the theory of change. The research was carried out using descriptive survey design which entails both qualitative and quantitative data collection procedures. The researcher used stratified random sampling techniques to draw a sample from the study population. The qualitative method focused on group discussion and in-depth interviews. The quantitative techniques employed questionnaires to 398 purposively selected subjects from the county projects. Data collection was from two main sources; primary and secondary. Secondary sources included relevant county documents, constitution, legislations, policy documents and reports among others. The Study employed questionnaires, Focus group discussion and Interview guide as its primary data collection method. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 18.0 was used for analysis. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics techniques and presented in tables and figures. The study findings indicated thatM&E methods, indicated by the coefficient of effectiveness (R2) which is also evidenced by F change 109.403>p-values (0.05). This implies that this variableis significant (since the p values<0.05) and therefore should be considered as part of effectiveness of M&E systems on the performance of County Governments projects. The study concludes that there are no effective and adequate projects monitoring and evaluation methods in place for County Government Projects, which can facilitate the achievement of desired projects performance and outcomes. The study recommends that the County Government should develop a clear M&E methods for each project with clear data collection, analysis, reporting and implementation methods. This Study recommends further research to be conducted in the other Regional County Economic Blocs.
Building Trust in Business – A Study of Nigerian IGBO businessman Original Research Article Country Nigeria
Regardless of where the Igbo man is, within or without the Igbo regions, trust is one of the foremost vital tool in business dealings and negotiations. This study aims at revealing the kind of trust apparent, and unique to the Igbo-men in business, how the Igbo-men build trust in their business, the antecedents of trust building in Igbo land, and the impacts of those trust in business dealings and negotiation. Through the process of content data analysis, results were drawn from a percentage margin of answers and feedbacks generated from real life experiences and discussions from unstructured interview from selected Igbo-men across the five states of the south-east region of Nigeria, which shows that 70% percentage of the Igbos practice the affective based trust in business dealings and negotiations, while 18% percentage practice cognitive based trust, 7% engages in both affective and cognitive based trust, and the remaining 5% are undecided.
Hotel Occupancy Management for the Sustainability of the Sucre-San Vicente Destination from the Perspective of a Tourist Circuit Original Research Article Country Ecuador
Frank Ángel Lemoine Quintero || Walter Javier OyolaFalcones || Wilfredo Valls Figueroa || Yesenia Aracely Zamora Cusme || Gema Viviana Carvajal Zambrano || Norma Rafaela Hernández Rodríguez || María Gabriela MontesdeocaCalderón
The objective of this research is to design a tourist circuit that allows increasing the arrival of national and international tourists, raising the occupancy rates of hotels and contributing to the tourist development of Sucre and San Vicente cantons. The research methodology was descriptive, using qualitative and quantitative methods. The tools used were: The documentary review, kendall coefficient method and diagram cause effect. As a result of the research of different expert authors in tourism, it was possible to obtain a form that facilitates the creation of touristic circuits that allow increasing the arrival of national and international tourists, raise the percentages of occupancy of the hotels and contribute to the development of the tourist destination. The elaborated mode was in correspondence with the bibliographical revision, in addition it contains the current tendencies of the state of the art and of the practice. The diagnosis of the hotel capacity and study of the attractions allowed to make a proposal of sustainable tourist circuits.
Corporate Governance: A Review of Theoretical and Practical Implications Original Research Article Country Sri Lanka
The corporate governance is a popular topic within two last decade, and the emerging economies are practicing &enhancing their performances. The review is conducted to assess the effectiveness of the corporate governance implications on firm’s performances. The study followed the deductive approach and the journal articles, and the reports have used the source of the review. As per the literature findings, the researcher developed a conceptual design for the case review. The independent variable is the corporate governance mechanism, and the dependent variable is organizations performances. Both independent and dependent variables comprise the different type of corporate governance practice and the different function of the organizational performances. The review found that all the types of corporate governance practices are influenced to the organizational performance and the better corporate governance mechanism can enhance all type of performances.
Effect of Management Support and Information Technology on Employee’s Empowerment and Innovative Work Behaviors (Case Study of dr. Zainoel Abidin District Hospital Banda Aceh) Original Research Article Country Indonesia
Innovative work behavior is likely to be an important need for the increasing performance of the hospital to provide the health public services. Theoretically and empirically, the behaviors be related to employee perception on management support, information technology and employee empowerment. The study aims to determine the effect of management supports and information technology on employee empowerment as well as their impact on the innovative work behaviors of the employee of dr. Zainoel Abidin District Hospital Banda Aceh. The study conducted of 302 employees of the hospital. The data collected by questionnaire and then the data is analyzed by statistical means of structural equation model (SEM). The study found that management support and information technology have a positive and significant effect on the employee empowerment and innovative work behavior. The employee empowerment mediates the effect of management supports and information technology on the innovative work behavior.
The Role of Government Treasurer in State Universities in Tax Compliance Original Research Article Country Indonesia
Solikin,Ikin. Prawira || Ida Farida Adi || Zulhaimi, Hanifa || Kustiawan, Memen
This study is directed to determine the role of government treasurer in state university in tax compliance. With the spirit of the state apparatus, especially the Civil Servant, in reporting the taxes, it is expected to become a continuously growing and infectious snowball to the taxpayers to report their taxes correctly, completely and clearly as well as to avoid administrative sanctions that are subject to such non-compliance. This study method used is qualitative, the source of this study is government treasurer. The use of this qualitative approach is based on the concept of natural setting, grounded theory, descriptive, more concerned with the process than the outcome, temporary design, and research results are negotiated and agreed upon. The results show that treasurers have a big role in tax compliance, but however, there are still many obstacles that must be faced in fulfilling their financial obligations. this research was conducted only in one state university, so that data that could be processed was very limited.