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Volume 7, Issue 6 (November-December 2023)


  • Quality Management Practices and Successful Completion of Building Construction Projects in Nakuru Town, Kenya
    Original Research Article
    Country Kenya
  • Pages 01-11
  • Laura Atamba || Tabitha Kwasira
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • This study aimed at examining the quality management practices of building contractors in Nakuru town and how these practices influence successful completion of projects. The study utilized the descriptive survey design where a sample of 107 building contractors was selected from the target population of 335 NCA registered building contractors in Nakuru town using the proportionate stratified sampling method. Data was collected from the selected companies using structured questionnaires, and analyzed using both descriptive and the multiple linear regression technique. Results revealed that all the four components of quality management have a statistically significant and positive relationship with successful completion of building projects in Nakuru town. Quality improvement practices were found to have the most significant influence on successful completion of projects followed by quality control practices. The regression model comprising of the four quality management variables as predictors explained eighty percent of changes in project completion success. The study recommended that building construction firm invest in quality management especially quality improvement in order to increase their rate of project completion success. Policy makers should also introduce quality management courses in the training curricular of key construction workers such as engineers and project managers so as to improve the implementation of construction projects.

    • Effect of Local Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Special Allocation Fund, and Capital Expenditures on Human Development Index
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 12-25
    • Alifya Wahyu Trisnanda || Rina Trisnawati
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This study aims to analyze the effect of local revenue, General Allocation Fund, special allocation fund and capital expenditure on the Human Development Index. The population in this study is PAD, DAK, DAU, capital expenditure and IPM in districts/cities in East Java province 2018-2021. The samples used in this study were 38 districts for 4 years or 152 districts/cities. The method of sample collection uses purposive sampling techniques. In this study, the data using a multiple linear regression model. The results of this study showed that local revenue and special allocation funds affect the Human Development Index in East Java, while general allocation funds and capital expenditures do not affect the Human Development Index.


    • Evolutionary Game Analysis of Financing Enterprise Behavior Decision in the Unified Credit Inventory Pledge Model
      Original Research Article
      Country China
    • Pages 26-45
    • Lu Caimei || Yang Jixie || Zhang Sainan
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This study examines the game behavior of credit pledge financing between logistics enterprises and financing enterprises from the perspective of prospect theory, and analyzes the influencing factors and constraints that can prevent credit risk accidents. The research uses evolutionary game rounds to establish a non-linear model of the evolutionary game between two enterprises and analyzes its stability. The study finds that various factors like cost of effort, fraudulent returns, loan interest, and loss cost of financing enterprises can all affect their behavioral decisions. Additionally, it shows that the perceived cost value of logistics enterprise supervision is lower than the perceived value of punishment for non-supervision, and the sum of the perceived cost value of financing enterprise integrity and the perceived value of obtaining additional benefits through deception is lower than the perceived value of punishment for breach of contract. Under certain conditions, credit rating incentive policies for financial institutions can reduce the occurrence of dishonest events in financing enterprises, but relying solely on credit rating incentive policies can also increase fraudulent events. Therefore, logistics enterprises, based on credit rating incentive policies of financial institutions, need to strengthen the supervision level of the repayment process of financing enterprises, increase the punishment for dishonest behavior of financing enterprises, and ensure the stable implementation of supply chain finance under the credit financing model. Keywords: prospect theory; Evolutionary game


    • Turkish People’s Perception of the Relationship between Task Visibility, Leadership Style and Social Loafing
      Original Research Article
      Country Turkey
    • Pages 46-53
    • Dr. Fatma Gülruh Gürbüz || Saime Sevil Soylu
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The purpose of this study is to investigate Turkish people's perception of the relationship between perceived task visibility, leadership style and social loafing. Data was collected from 264 employees working in various companies in private sector in Turkey. The results of the study revealed that the employees’ perception of task visibility and leadership style are effective on social loafing. If an employee believes that his/her task is visible or noticeable by others or leader he/she avoids social loafing behavior or exhibit less social loafing behavior. In the same way if anemployee is in constant interaction with his/her manager , she/he does not show or show less social loafing behavior. Also employees who trust, admire and respect their manager does not exhibit social loafing behavior. In addition, employees who are encouraged and guided by their leader in accordance with the targets and who will be rewarded for his efforts do not show social loafing but make efforts to reach common goals.


    • Factors Impact the Quality accounting Information System, Empirical Evidence in Garment Firms of Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 54-61
    • Thi Hoai Thu Nguyen
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The accounting information systems in garment enterprises in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam has not fully promoted its role in providing useful information for managers in the economic decision-making process. Therefore, analyzing factors affecting the quality of accounting information systems and proposing recommendations to improve the quality of accounting information systems in garment enterprises in Thai Nguyen Province is necessary. Based on the research overview, the author has identified research gaps and identified four factors impacting the quality of accounting information systems in garment enterprises in Thai Nguyen Province: management supporting, management knowledge, information technology infrastructure, accountants knowledge. The research was conducted using qualitative and quantitative research. Research results show four factors affecting the quality of accounting information systems in garment enterprises in Thai Nguyen Province. In particular, management knowledge has the strongest influence and management supporting has the lowest influence. Based on the research results, the research team discussed and proposed recommendations for garment enterprises in Thai Nguyen Province to improve and enhance the quality of the accounting information system in the enterprise.


    • The Design of Intelligent Fan Based on Stm32
      Original Research Article
      Country China
    • Pages 62-68
    • Wenshuai Deng || Zichen Li || Shengpu Li || Gaomin Zhang
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • As the intelligent home industry grows rapidly, this intelligent fan overcomes two significant challenges of traditional fans: the lack of automatic speed adjustment and the need for manual fan oscillation. The fan uses the STM32 micro-controller as the main control chip, which integrates the DS18B20 temperature sensor, PWM technology, and relevant algorithms to achieve intelligent speed control based on different temperatures. The system also tracks the user's position by using three infrared sensors at different locations, and adjusts the direction by using a servo motor, thus realizing intelligent orientation control.


    • Sales Management and Profitability among Gasoline Station in Panabo City
      Original Research Article
      Country Philippines
    • Pages 69-74
    • Jomar Poblacion || Mechell H. Arendoque || Ilene G. Campañas || Sheimee Jen G. Sumayang
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The study aimed to determine the relationship between Sales Management and Profitability among Gasoline stations in Panabo City. Thirty-five managers/owners of a gasoline station in Panabo City were the respondents of this research. This study utilizes the descriptive-correlation method and random sampling in determining the number of respondents along with Mean and Pearson-r as statistical tools. Moreover, the results revealed that the level of sales management among gasoline stations in Panabo City in terms of sales operations, sales strategy, and sales analysis was very high and yielded a grand mean of 4.28. For the level of profitability of the gasoline station in Panabo City, it garnered a high level of result with grand mean of 4.18. Furthermore, it reveals that there is a significant positive relationship between sales management and profitability among gasoline stations in Panabo City. The results yielded an p-value of 0.01 and an r-value of 0.737, which was less than a 0.05 level of significance. Therefore, the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected.


    • Assessment of Business Process Management on Growth Of Petroleum Firms in Changamwe Sub-County
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 75-81
    • Naima Ahmed Mohammed || Dr. Gachanja Isaac
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Most companies aim for growth not only to survive but to thrive. However, the concept of organizational growth can vary among different businesses. There are numerous ways a company can assess its growth, but the most significant benchmark is one that reflects progress toward the organization's stated objectives. For the majority of companies, the ultimate goal is profitability, so indicators like net profit, revenue, and other financial metrics are often used as primary indicators of growth. On the other hand, some business owners may gauge growth based on sales figures, employee count, physical expansion, or other criteria. Growth is highly desirable for many companies because it is generally viewed as a symbol of success and progress. Organizational growth serves as a key measure of effectiveness for both small and large businesses and is a central concern for many managers. The objective of this study to determine the effect of business process resources on growth of petroleum firms in Changamwe Sub-County. The research employed a descriptive research design and targeted all 31 petroleum firms in Changamwe Sub-County as the population. Data was collected from respondents through questionnaires. Correlation analysis was conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 22 to examine the relationship between the success of business process management and the growth of petroleum firms in Changamwe sub-county, Kenya. Descriptive statistics involved calculating absolute and relative (percentages) frequencies, as well as measures of central tendency and dispersion, such as mean and standard deviationr. Frequency tables and graphs were used to present the data for easy comparison.


    • The Impact from the Value of Non-Cash Payment Transactions on Economic Growth in Indonesia
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 82-89
    • Hedwigis Esti Riwayati || Aviliani Aviliani || Annisa Latifah
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The purpose from this research is to reveal the impact from the value of non-cash payment transactions on economic growth in Indonesia. The number of observation data is 32 data using quarterly data. The research method used is quantitative with analysis technique is multiple linear regression through SPSS 25 and Microsoft Excel. The results indicated that debit card/ATM transactions had a significant affect on the growth of gross domestic product, while credit card and e-money transactions had no affect on the growth of Gross Domestic Product. The Suggestions for Bank Indonesia or for the banking industry is to improve the services, innovation and ease of use of non-cash transactions. By collaborating with related parties which engaged to the community, socialization and literacy regarding non-cash payment transactions can be carried out evenly throughout Indonesia.


    • Correlation of the Socio-Economic Indicators to the Household Income of Cacao Farmers in San Isidro, Davao Del Norte
      Original Research Article
      Country Philippines
    • Pages 90-95
    • Jean Rose B. Cuenca || Lorie Mae A. Castro
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This study is a quantitative study that used the descriptive co-relational design and focused on the relationship between the socio-economic indicators to the household income of cacao farmers in San Isidro, Davao del Norte. The objective of this study is to improve the farmers’ livelihoods and promote sustainable cacao farming practices in the municipality. This study may contribute to the enhancement of the socio-economic well-being of cacao farmers and provide valuable guidance for stakeholders in the sector. It utilized the survey questionnaire method in gathering relevant data from respondents; selection was done using the stratified random sampling technique. After conducting frequency, percentage, and correlation analysis. This study found a significant correlation between socio-economic indicators and the household income of cacao farmers in San Isidro, Davao del Norte. The factors that do not have a strong correlation to the household income of the cacao farmers in San Isidro, Davao del Norte are production, educational attainment, infrastructure materials, and affiliations to organizations. Factors that show a significant role in their income are market conditions, access to resources, farming practices, water availability, household savings, insurance, access to communication, income sources, and access to healthcare services. However, each factor varies from its predicted value. Hence, this study offers valuable insights to the socio-economic dynamics of cacao farming in San Isidro, Davao del Norte. These findings can inform policymakers, agricultural agencies, and community development organizations in designing targeted interventions to address the specific needs of cacao farmers.


    • The Effect of Turkmenistan Energy Management, Innovation on Carbon Neutrality
      Original Research Article
      Country China
    • Pages 96-113
    • Ezizmyrat Galpakov || Quwei || Guohua Qu || Jie Yin
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • By offering empirical research on the connection between Turkmenistan's energy management practices and carbon neutrality, we add to the body of knowledge on the country's energy management practices. In the topic of Turkmenistan Energy Management, we used data collected from 221 respondents. Our study demonstrates that the presence of state-of-the-art technology within the energy sector plays a beneficial role in advancing Turkmenistan's journey towards achieving carbon neutrality. Turkmenistan may advance more quickly by putting in place efficient energy management plans and encouraging innovation. In addition to fostering research collaboration, financing, and sustainable energy initiatives, our recommendation include improving energy efficiency, switching to clean energy sources, lowering dependency on fossil fuels, and all of the aforementioned.


    • Exploring Public Agents’ Perception of Public Performance: A Conventionalist Approach
      Original Research Article
      Country Morocco
    • Pages 114-127
    • Yassine Hadidi || Youssef Moflih
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The need to characterize public performance has arisen due to the significance of the way public decision-makers and agents perceive and define it. This paper delves into the intricate realm of public administration by examining the nuanced dimension of public agents' perception of public performance. Drawing inspiration from [1] conventionalist theory, the paper proposes an analytical approach that seeks to explore and describe how public agents interpret and construct performance within their evolving professional landscapes. This transition to a conventionalist framework is crucial for illuminating the fundamental elements that contribute to the characterization of performance within public organizations. By integrating conventionalist perspectives, this research aims to shed light on the subjective aspects of public performance. We contend that a conventionalist lens offers a rich and nuanced understanding of the intricate social and organizational structures that influence the construction and interpretation of performance within the public sector.


    • Influence of Information, Communication and Technology on Financial Performance of Small and Medium Sized Businesses in Nyeri County Kenya
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 128-134
    • Charles Wachira Macharia
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Economic Survey 2009 statistics indicate a tremendous growth of SMEs in Kenya over the last ten years; constituting about 96 per cent of all business enterprises in the country; yet 90% of the business start-ups do not operate beyond their third anniversary. The main objective of this study therefore was to investigate the influence of information; communication and technology on financial performance of small and medium scale enterprises in Nyeri County Kenya. The study sampled 10% of the population which constituted 1020 business enterprises. The research utilized both quantitative and qualitative approaches; adapting descriptive research design. The study used both primary and secondary data. The study found out that there is inefficient use and lack of full exploitation of the capabilities of the systems which affects their productivity and growth since it limits their competitiveness. The study findings indicated that there is a significant relationship between internal control systems adopted by an SME and financial performance of the SME which implies that internal control activities, ICT, control environment, continuous monitoring of internal control activities and risk assessment influence financial performance of SMEs to different extents as suggested by the model. Based on the findings, the study recommends that SMEs and other business organizations should put in place sound systems of internal control activities which should include frequent and adequate execution of internal control activities such as adoption and development of efficient ICT solutions. The optimization of these variables will culminate into enhanced financial performance of SMEs as well as their survival and growth.


    • Effect of Cost Cutting Strategy on Performance of Star Rated Hotels in Nairobi County
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 135-140
    • Victor Kibet Kiprop || Dr. Nehemiah Kiplagat || Prof. Geoffrey Kamau || Dr. Ann Wacira
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • While the hospitality industry makes a great contribution to the economic development of a country, many hotels encounter organizational challenges associated with poor cost cutting. Such result, huge losses and sometimes closure of business. It is on this basis that this study sought to investigate the effect of cost cutting strategy on the performance of star rated hotels in Nairobi County, Kenya. The study was guided by lean management theory. The target population of the study was 61 general managers of the 61 star rated hotels in Nairobi County. The study adopted census approach to incorporate all the 61 managers involved in the study. The study was quantitative in nature and adopted a correlational research design, structured questionnaire was used collect primary data and data was analyzed using a statistical package for social sciences where descriptive statistics; mean and standard deviation. Inferential statistics involved the use of Pearson’s Product Moment correlation and multiple regression models to determine the nature of the relationship between the variables. The findings of the study were presented in table form. The study concluded that cost cutting strategy has no statistically significant effect on performance of star rated hotels in Nairobi County (r=0.924, p=0.000). The study recommends that the hotels should consider sourcing supplies from cost conscious suppliers. They can adopt more cost-effective methods of production and service delivery. Lastly, the hotels should embark on prudent purchasing to reduce wastages and unnecessary cost


    • Influence of Socio-Demographic Factors on the Performance of Youth-Owned Enterprises in Nakuru Municipality
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 141-152
    • Marion Jelagat Kipkebut || Dr. Milcah Mulu-Mutuku || Dr. Lydia Nkatha Kinuthia
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Kenya, like many other countries, is experiencing a surge in Youth-Owned Enterprises (YOE) as young entrepreneurs embark on innovative ventures. While these enterprises contribute significantly to economic development and job creation, they face a myriad of performance issues that challenge their growth and sustainability therefore the study sought to assess the influence of socio-demographic factors on the performance of youth-owned enterprises in Nakuru Municipality. The study was guided by the Neoclassical Analysis Theory. The study adopted a predictive correlational research design. The design was suitable since the study sought to identify the predictive relationship between independent variables (socio-demographic factors, sources of business capital, type of training, and type of market research) and dependent variables (performance of youth-owned enterprises). The target population was 8312, and the accessible population was 2076 youth-owned enterprises in Nakuru Municipality. The sample size of 145 participants was selected using stratified sampling based on the population of youth-owned enterprises in the five estates (Ronda, CBD, Kaptembwo, Lanet and Shabab) in Nakuru Municipality. Data was collected using a questionnaire piloted at Njoro Town to ascertain its reliability. The Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient for the data collection instrument was found to be 0.769, which was above the threshold value of 0.7. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics, particularly multiple regression analysis. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 26) aided data analysis. The study established that the socio-demographic factors were significant predictors of the performance of youth-owned enterprises in Nakuru Municipality.


    • The Impact of Management Control Systems, Innovation, and Organizational Commitment on the Performance of Public Sector Organizations (Study on the Religious Court of Sleman)
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 153-166
    • Ardi Artopo
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Performance improvement is the primary goal of public sector organizations. Public sector organizations face two conditions: providing services to the public and enhancing performance as evidence of responsibility for the use of state finances. The alignment of various internal and external factors in an organization is one of the determinants of organizational performance. Each organization must be able to adapt to various contingency factors, namely organizational size, strategy, and environment. This study examines the impact of management control systems, innovation, and organizational commitment on organizational performance at the The Religious Court of Sleman. Data were collected from the The Religious Court of Sleman through purposive sampling involving officials and employees as respondents, answering questionnaires with a five-point Likert scale. Data were processed using the SMARTPLS 3 tool to test hypotheses. The study found that two variables, organizational commitment, and management control systems, significantly influence organizational performance, while the innovation variable does not significantly affect organizational performance. Previous research has focused more on management control systems and innovation as independent variables, and few studies include organizational commitment along with these two variables in measuring organizational performance


    • The Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Water Cup
      Original Research Article
      Country China
    • Pages 167-175
    • Weijian Wang || Shukai Chen || XitaiZhang || Aiwan Fan
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Leveraging advancements in science and technology, particularly the extensive use of embedded technology, everyday items such as water cups have been transformed into intelligent devices. This paper proposes the design of an intelligent cup powered by the STM32F103 Microcontroller Unit (MCU). The device employs the DS18B20 temperature sensor and the Water Sensor water level sensor to monitor the temperature and water level in the cup. It allows users to set reminders for regular hydration and to specify a heating temperature for the water. Once the desired temperature is reached, the device automatically maintains it. All these features are displayed on an OLED screen, enabling users to hydrate regularly and quantitatively. This intelligent cup thus marries convenience with health consciousness, revolutionizing the simple act of drinking water.


    • Effects of Strategic Management on Organizational Growth of Selected Transport Firms in Nigeria
      Original Research Article
      Country Nigeria
    • Pages 176-189
    • Nwosu Ndubuisi Levi || Okebaram Sunny M || Emerole Ahamefula Gideon
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Since late 1900s, empirical researches have been carried out to determine the effect of strategic management on organizational growth. Researches in this area become very paramount because of change in economic environment which are characterized by certain phenomena such as globalization, change in customer and investor demands market competition change in test and performance of customers. The study objective was to examine the effect of strategic management on organizational growth of AKTC & PMT in Nigeria economy. The following hypotheses were stated in null form to guide the study. Strategic management has no significant effect on profitability of the transport firms. Strategic management has no significant effect on market shares of the transport firms. There is no significant relationship between strategic management and productivity of the transport firm. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for this study in which a structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the target respondents who were management staff of AKTC and PMT. The survey research design that was adopted becomes imperative because of the population characteristics and a representative nature of the sample of the population for the study. A sixteen (16) staff of AKTC and PMT, constitute the population for the study. This comprise of senior staff of the two transport companies. The sample size of the study comprise of sixteen (16) management staff from Akwa Ibom Transport Company (AKTC) and sixteen (16) management staff of Peace Mass Transport Company (PMT) making a total of thirty two (32). The modified battery Likert scale questionnaire of a given point was adopted for the study with strongly agree (5) agree (4), disagree (3), strongly disagree (2) and undecided (1). The study hypotheses were analyzed using simple regression and correlation models. However, the SPSS was adopted. Objectives 1 and 2 were achieved using simple regression model, while objective 3 was achieved using correlation model. Findings from the regression analysis show that the strategic management of AKTC and PMT has a strong effect on their profitability, as the result shows positivity and both statistically significant at 1% level. This buttress the point of Umar (2005) who postulated that strategic management plays a vital role for the organization to make profit, success, survival and growth. Management of both AKTC and PMT, inclusive of other transport firms should continuously maintain, sustain and review/improve (if need be) their strategic management practices, since it is indispensible for organizational growth.


    • Effect of Entrepreneurial Skills Development on Employee Career Goal: Study of University of Benin Non-Academic Staff
      Original Research Article
      Country Nigeria
    • Pages 190-203
    • Nwosu Ndubuisi Levi || Okebaram Sunny M || Emerole Ahamefula Gideon
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • In developing countries such as Nigeria, which Edo State is not an exception; the economic landscape is changing, with a move from foreign direct investment to self-employment and entrepreneurship. This is seen or observed by the increase in the number of individuals considering self-employment, as a career option because of the high rate of unemployment in these economies. The broad objective of the study was to examine the effects of entrepreneurial skills development on employee career goal (study of University of Benin (UNIBEN) Non-Academic Staff. There is no significant relationship between human relations skill and employees career goal of UNIBEN. Investment-driven skill has no significant effect on employee career goal of UNIBEN. Interpersonal skill has no significant effect on employee career goal of UNIBEN. The study used Taro Yamane’s method to determined sample size of non-academic staff of the university The findings from the results show that human relation skills have a strong relationship with the employee career goal, as the result was positive and statistically significant at 1% level. The findings also reveal that investment-driven skills have a great effect on the employee career goal, as the result revealed that investment-driven skill was positive and statistically significant at 1% level. Furthermore, the findings from the simple regression indicate that interpersonal skills affect employee career goal positively and at a statistical significance of 1% level. Based on the findings of the research, the following recommendations were suggested by the researcher. The non-academic staff of Nigerian universities should be encouraged to actively develop their entrepreneurial skill in other to achieve their career goal. The authorities of UNIBEN and Nigerian universities at large should ensure that their non-academic staff have good working conditions, with improved salary packages and improvement in their labour relations, which will in turn enable the employees achieve their career goal.


    • It Project Failures: Disengage and Fail or Persist and Fail
      Original Research Article
      Country Canada
    • Pages 204-209
    • Dr. Hafid Agourram
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The aim of this research is to borrow from existing knowledge in the goal disengagement theories and apply it in the Information systems development context. A goal refers to “an internal representation of desired states where states are broadly constructed as outcomes, events, or processes. In addition, goals are characterised as directing our behavior purposefully to attain this desired state”. In this paper, we consider system development projects as goals. The overall managerial implication of this research is to examine ways that may help minimize the damage caused by IS implementation failures; a major trend in the IT industry. Research has documented dozens of factors that explain why IS fail. These factors range from developers’ characteristics, system complexity, system size, end users related factors, system-business misfit… At the same time and with no surprise, we notice that IT that makes up a major portion in the overall budget of the organization has always been increasing in a very fast paste. In this paper we build a conceptual model that explains the different choices given to management as soon as signals of IS implementation failure start popping up. Failure signals can be simple likelihood of going beyond the predetermined time and budget. The system may take longer and therefore cost more to build. It can also be scope creep; that is the future system users continue to add more requirements and therefore altering the scope of future system.