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Volume 5 ISSUE 5 (September-October 2021)

  • Awareness of Tax Saving Schemes among Salaried Employees
    Original Research Article
    Country India
  • Pages 01-04
  • Dr.N.Sravanthi || L. Anitha
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The study attempted to know the awareness and perception regarding various tax saving options available to save tax for salaried class employees. The study also attempted to know which tax saving investment options are generally used to save tax. chi-square test was applied to know association between level of awareness and Educational qualifications, gender, age and occupation. The study based on 126 respondents and various findings were found in relation to awareness, preferences, perceptions about Tax saving schemes. Most of the salaried employees were of the opinion that the tax rate should be reduced and basic exemption limit should be increased.


    • To Study the Impact of Voluntary Retirement Schemes over the Health of VRS opted Employees in India
      Original Research Article
      Country India
    • Pages 05-10
    • Dr. Shumaela Naeem Syeda || Prof. Rajendra Prasad Das
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Initially, the concept of Voluntary Retirement Scheme has been introduced to offer the employees an option for early retirement. However, due to protectionist labour laws and cost competitiveness, the voluntary retirement schemes have been implemented by corporate world extensively to restructurethe workforce. Consequently, the voluntary retirement schemes have influenced the lives of VRS opted employees in different dimensions including health. However, very few studies have analysed the impact of VRS over the health of the VRS opted employees. Hence, the present study. Further, an in-depth comparative study has also been done to analysed the impact of VRS over the health of VRS opted employees in public and private sector in selected large steel manufacturing organizations in India.Thus, altogether 310 VRS opted employees have constituted the sample of study. Primary data is collected through a specially designed schedule. It has been found in the study, that, most of VRS opted employees have experienced an increased in their physical problems after opting VRS.Although, in comparison to private sector, more VRS opted employees of public sector have considered VRS, a cause for impairment of their health and reported increased physical problems in their post VRS life.


    • Synthesis of Line of Sight Angle Coordinate Filter with Three Different Target Models
      Original Research Article
      Country Viet Nam
    • Pages 11-22
    • Nguyen Van Bang
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • On the basis of the tracking multi-loop target angle coordinate system, the article has selected and proposed an interactive multi-model adaptive filter algorithm to improve the quality of the target phase coordinate filter. The interactive multimodel evaluation algorithm is capable of adapting to the maneuverability of the target as the evaluation process progresses to the most suitable model. In which, the 3 models selected to design the line of sight angle coordinate filter; Constant velocity (CV) model, Singer model and constant acceleration (CA) model, characterizing 3 different levels of maneuverability of the target. As a result, the evaluation quality of the target phase coordinates is improved because the evaluation process has redistribution of the probabilities of each model to suit the actual maneuvering of the target. The structure of the filters is simple, the evaluation error is smal l and the maneuvering detection delay is significantly reduced. The results are verified through simulation, ensuring that in all cases the target is maneuvering with different intensity and frequency, the line of sight angle coordinate filter always accurately det ermines the target angle coordinates.


    • Impact Assessment on the Business Performance of the 2017 Graduates of the Kapatid Mentor ME (KMME) Program of the Department of Trade and Industry in Digos City
      Original Research Article
      Country Philippines
    • Pages 23-54
    • Jeanevieve G. Dana-Gica || Khamille Grace S. Añasco || Ariel San Jose
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The Kapatid Mentor ME (KMME) Program of the Philippine Government was designed with the goal to help Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) scale up their business by weekly coaching and mentoring. It is claimed that it is a successful program because of the success stories of the graduates. However, there is still no published articles or researches that show the impact of the program to the graduates in Digos City. Thus, this study was conducted. The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of the KMME in the overall performance on the registered business(s) of the 2017 graduates in Digos City. A qualitative evaluation research design was employed and a series of key informant interviews were conducted with the five participants chosen for the study. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and revealed that the program has a positive impact on both the personal improvement of the participants, and business performance has scaled up.


    • How innovation, transparency, and environmental consciousness determine customers' perceptions of eco-labeled products
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 55-66
    • Hai NinhNguyen || Phuong Linh Duong
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • By promoting a sustainable lifestyle, eco-labeling is an effective marketing tool to advertise products and convey environmental messages, hence it leads to the emergence of eco-labeled products in some recent years. Perceived better quality and higher consumption value are two key reasons for this uprising movement Therefore, to understand the stimuli of these customer perceptions, the present study focuses on investigating the impacts innovation, transparency, and environmental consciousness oncustomer perceptions of eco-labeled products. The term of customer perception was observed under two dimensions: the perceived quality and perceived value of eco-labeled products. An online survey with structured questionnaire was conducted throughout the nation, and PLS-SEM was employed to analyze the collected data. The findings proved the positive and significant impacts of innovation, transparency, and environmental consciousness on both the customer perceived quality and customer perceived value of eco-labeled products. The perceived quality also positively influences the customer over perceived value of consuming eco-labeled products.


    • Determinants of Total Quality Management Implementation in Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya: A Survey of Small and Medium Bakeries in Nairobi County, Kenya
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 67-75
    • Mwathi Samwel Chege || Kitur Brown
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The study's main objective was to identify the determinants of implementation of Total Quality Management in Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya. The study specifically sought to ascertain the impact of employee training on the implementation of Total Quality Management in SMEs. Deming's Total Quality Management Theorya and Dynamic Capabilities Theory guided the research. With a target population of 75 respondents, the study used a descriptive survey research. From the study findings it was revealed that there was a strong positive correlation between employee training and implementation of TQM. From the finding the researcher recommended staff members in bakeries should be trained regularly and in timely manner in TQM. There should be a constant review of the training needs for Bakeries so as to bridge knowledge gaps which may exist among the staff from time to time. Continuous training helps individuals to remain relevant, cope with challenges and also empowers them to keep abreast with the changes in the work environment. The management should also provide resources for training by factoring in adequate finances for capacity building in their annual budgets. Keywords: Cost of quality, Employee training, Information system, total quality


    • Chinese Management Approaches History and Recent Developments
      Original Research Article
      Country Slovakia
    • Pages 76-79
    • Nico Schuster
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • It is no secret that things often work differently in China than what we are used to in the Western world. This paper aims to discuss how traditional Chinese beliefs, values and cultural norms impact Chinese Management styles. The paper outlineswhy Confucianism can be considered a management approach and howChinese culture influences decision-making, relationship, and change management.Furthermore, the paper highlights some recent developments related to technological advancements and Covid19 and their interplay with managerial approaches. Literature sources have been researched based on theirtimely relevance for the topic and their broad acceptance.


    • A Study on Crisis Management in India
      Original Research Article
      Country India
    • Pages 80-89
    • Dr. Pradip Kumar Das
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Metamorphosis in technology and contempo progress in convolution of current lifestyle have exacerbated the plausibility of the frequentness of crisis. Perennial parlous, toxic and inflammable nature of chemical products accentuate the momentous of surveying crisis management into specifics and triumph pertinent to reconnoiter its strategies. Crisis management needs diverse proposition commanding dexterity, wealth and allegiance of corporate, government representatives, inter-governmental and non-governmental establishments, etc. A clear-sighted methodology for crisis management is the crying need of the hour and, hence, there should be sincere efforts to manage the problems of crisis. Against this backdrop, this paper discerns the core issues of crisis management that must be esteemed when instituting its entire biennium in an organization. Meticulous exposition has been effected to articulate the manifoldness of the exertions and dexterity craved for managers when concocting crisis management in an organization. It sprouts pragmatic that top management professionals be familiarized with crisis management mechanism. The paper precipitates multiform key gaps of crisis management in India that does covet approached. The paper also appraises few thrusting germane and offers placid recommendations on how the future approaches for the progress of crisis management in India shall take fashion.


    • Synergy of Local Government Institutions in Dealing with Forest and Land Fires as A Non-Military Threat at Border Regions in Indonesia
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 90-95
    • Ully Ngesti Pratiwi || Adi Nugroho
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Forest and land fires that regularly occur in West Kalimantan, which is located in the border regions, are a non-military threat that can cause losses for Indonesia and neighboring countries. This study aims to analyze the synergies between the local government, West Kalimantan BPBD, and other relevant agencies in dealing with forest and land fires in West Kalimantan as a non-military threat. In this research, the writer used a qualitative research method with a descriptive analytical approach. The results of this study are synergy is carried out in designing collaborative programs or activities in an effort to overcome forest and land fires in West Kalimantan. Optimizing coordination and communication between the local government, West Kalimantan BPBD and other relevant agencies is carried out intensively starting from planning, organizing, implementing, and evaluating by unifying the vision and mission as well as work programs in dealing with forest and land fires.


    • Elements of Strategic National Defense in the State Maritime Indonesia
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 96-101
    • Ike Yessi Widowati || Savira Ayu Arsita || Galih Pandu Wiguna
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • National Defense is an element important in a country that is related to the protection to all citizens, region and the political system in it in countering various threats. National defense is considered very important for all countries, including Indonesia. For the author, the implementation of the National Defense Strategy is carried out by mobilizing all national resources after going through a transformation process to change the potential of national resources (ideology, politics, economy, socio-culture, military, geography, demography and natural resources) into elements of national power (Elements of national power). As an archipelagic country with 80% of the sea area and 20% of the land area, the threat to Indonesia's sovereignty and territory lies at sea. These conditions make Indonesia vulnerable to threats. Therefore, in dealing with these threats, are needed elements of national power. The elements of national power consist of several elements, namely non-military power and military power.


    • A Contrastive Analysis of some Structures of English and Ẹdo Languages
      Original Research Article
      Country Nigeria
    • Pages102-109
    • Adebola O. Sarah Michael
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This paper examines the Noun Phrases (NP‟s), Verb Phrases (VP‟s) and some simple sentences within Edo constructions in comparism to their structures in English language through a syntactic contractive analysis of the two languages. This study aimed at helping the Edo second language (L2) speaker overcome the problems of transfer from his (first language or mother tongue) L1 and to become more competent in the use of English structures. Chomsky‟s ST (Standard Theory) model was used as it accounts for phrase structure rules and transformational subcomponents. It has helped the researcher to highlight the major differences between the two languages within the phrase structure. It was discovered that the Edo structures are not as elaborate as that of English and that the Edo speaker of L2 is likely to omit the determiner and mix up his tenses because of their verb usage. The work concluded that there is a need for language teachers to draw the attention of the students to the areas of differences and spend more time to teach the students the correct usage so that the students can become more skilful in the use of the two languages.


    • Indonesia-Malaysia Defense Cooperation to Face the Threats of Strategic Environmental Development
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 110-114
    • Ulfia Nurhasanah Komariah
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This study tries to explain the defense cooperation between Indonesia and Malaysia in an effort to face the threat of the development of the strategic environment. The development of a strategic environment at the global, regional, and national levels that is increasingly complex and dynamic requires that each country cooperate with one another. Indonesia has established a cooperative relationship with Malaysia since 1957, but currently the literature discussing the cooperation between the two is still limited. Therefore, this research is aimed at defense science treasures in the field of international cooperation. The method used is a library study to analyze how defense cooperation, forms of cooperation and barriers to Indonesia-Malaysia cooperation are used. With the results of research on defense cooperation between Indonesia and Malaysia, it is very important to strengthen the defense of the two countries, in the form of cooperation in the form of handling and narcotics, increasing maritime security, defense equipment and the professionalism of the TNI. While the obstacles that occur are the tides of international cooperation caused by conflicts over territorial disputes as well as differences in the legal system and workers.


    • Perception of Travelers on the Nigerian Airline Communication Technique: A Study of Selected Airlines
      Original Research Article
      Country Nigeria
    • Pages 115-125
    • OMOKITI Oghenefegor || OYEDEPO Tunji
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Communication is an essential human requirement. It involves the expression of one‟s thoughts, ideas, and opinions in an understandable manner. Communication could be verbal or non-verbal, and it is an essential aspect of successful organisations. Effective communication in organisations builds employees' confidence in their employers; it helps employees better understand the vision and mission statement of their organisation, and it promotes internal relationships among staff. Therefore this study seeks to assess airline communication issues and the Nigerian airline travelling experience.The study adopted the use of questionnaire (quantitative). The study concluded that when it comes to responding to requests on Twitter, Arik and Dana are the best in the country, typically responding in under five minutes. The study concluded that Twitter is a great way for passengers to stay informed because it is simple to use and create, read, and respond to tweets takes little time, that the aviation industry is encouraged to invest more in the latest iterations and innovations in digital communication since they contribute positively towards passenger facilitation.


    • Empirical Analysis of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows on Financial Development of Commercial Banks in Rwanda
      Original Research Article
      Country Rwanda
    • Pages 126-132
    • Ferdinand Murezi || Thomas Tarus
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into the country can help to boost economic growth by supplementing domestic savings for investment. The study examined the influence of foreign direct investment and financial development on commercial banks in Rwanda. The study was anchored on Institutional FDI Fitness theory and secondary data was collected from the annual financial reports of eleven commercial banks between 2010 and 2019. The results revealed that foreign capital equity positively and significantly affects financial development (β = 0.3233, p<0.05). Also, reinvested foreign earnings findings exhibits negative and significant association on financial development (β = -0.0564, p<0.05). The study recommends that Rwanda, as it aspires to be a financial hub, would continue to encourage companies to increase foreign equity capital and reinvested income so as to increase the access, depth, efficiency and stability of commercial banks in Rwanda.


    • Reading Organizational Behavior Approaches through Alternative Theories: A Critical Approach
      Original Research Article
      Country Turkey
    • Pages 133-145
    • Hasan Tutar || Harun Serpil || Selçuk Nam
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Recently, some approaches, or "organizational trends" that are robust in rhetoric but weak in epistemological and factual content, have frequently appeared in organizational behavior literature. The expectation that the employee will continuously sacrifice the organization's favor rather than the scientific explanation of any phenomenon is expressed in pro-organizational approaches. Critically reviewing these explanations, this study aims to analyze the concepts of organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behaviors from the "rational choice" and "social exchange theory" perspectives. The pro-organizational approaches attempt to explain and discuss employee organizational behaviors based on sacrifice, but is this the case? Can these approaches be proved or empirically justified by the basic assumptions of psychology, economics, and behavioral economics? Moreover, does the natural world function based on sacrifice? Does the organism maintain its life based on its interests, benefits, needs, or emotional orientation and self-sacrifice? This study significantly draws attention to the necessity of creating literature based on scientific, objective, and factual concepts instead of fictional and rhetorical concepts without any real equivalents in the real world. The study is a critical thematic review based on the variables of organizational commitment, organizational citizenship, rational choice theory, and "social exchange theory." The obtained results consist of assumptions based on the comparative critical analysis of these approaches.


    • The Mediating Effect of Technological Innovations on the Relationship Between Work-Life Balance and Employee Engagement of Hotel Front-Liners
      Original Research Article
      Country Philippines
    • Pages 146-151
    • Raymart I. Felicilda || Stilo Floyd Schneider
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The study's principal purpose was to discover the mediating effect of technological developments on the relationship between work-life balance and hotel front-line employee engagement in the hospitality industry. Using the statistical tools mean, Pearson r and regression, an adaptive questionnaire measured the level of technological innovations, work-life balance, and employee engagement of hotel front-liners. A quantitative method was employed to select 274 employees through simple random sampling of various hotel employees in the Davao Region. Furthermore, technological innovation is significantly related to and positively affects employee engagement, implying that as technological innovation rises, so does employee engagement. Still, it found a negative correlation, implying that increased work-life balance leads to decreased employee engagement. Lastly, the Sobel test yielded a z-value of -.583 with a p-value of 0.01, significant at 0.05 level. The original direct impact of work-life balance on employee engagement improved upon the addition of technological innovations.


    • Influence of Contract Relationship Management on Procurement Performance of State Corporations in Energy Sector, Kenya
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 152-157
    • Wycliffe Nyariki || Dr. Margaret Waruguru
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Contract relationship management plays an important role in promoting the sustainability of organizations in both public and private sectors. Contract management practices have been deployed in an effort to improve the performance of energy sector corporations in Kenya. However, despite the importance of contract relationship management amongst the procurement authorities, state corporations in energy sector in Kenya still face diverse challenges which are major deterrents to procurement performance. The current study examined the influence of contract relationship management on procurement performance of energy sector state corporations in Kenya. Contract relationship management involves development of effective working relationships suppliers to achieve better service delivery, value maximization and acquisition of quality products. Effective contract relationship management incorporates appropriate information sharing, collaborations and contract compliance elements. The study adopted descriptive research survey design. The target population was the state corporations in energy sector including Kenya Power, Geothermal Development Corporation (GDC) and Kenya Electricity Transmission Company Limited (KETRACO). Regression analysis findings showed that coefficient of determination was 0.547 implying that 54.7% of variation of procurement performance was explained by contract relationshipManagement.According to the regression coefficients, the beta coefficients for contract relationship management was significant at 95% confidence level (β=0.513; p=0.000<0.05). The results implied that contract relationship management affected the procurement performance of state corporations in the energy sector of Kenya. Therefore, improvement in information sharing, collaborations and contract compliance as elements of contract relationship management contributes to better procurement performance. The study recommends energy state corporations to incorporate contract relationship management into their overall operational strategy. This will lead to effective running of procurement contracts for improved procurement performance.


    • Factors Affecting Project Performance in Rwanda: Case Study of Bugesera Airport Construction
      Original Research Article
      Country Rwanda
    • Pages 158-164
    • Sarah Ufitamahoro
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Project failures are increasingly reported around the globe and achieving success of construction project is becoming extremely difficult in today’s turbulent environment. Performances of construction project are affected by different factors which lead the project to run over budget, behind schedule and fail to meet the intended needs. The study assessed factors affecting project performance in Bugesera airport construction, Rwanda. The study was guided by theory of constraints and closed ended questionnaire was use to collect data. The findings revealed that contractor’s competence and stakeholders’ participation positively and significantly affects project performance (β = 0.782, p<0.05; β = 0.629, p<0.05). The study concludes that contractor’s competence and stakeholder’s participation affected project success. The study recommends that there should be continuous coordination and proper relationship management between all stakeholders involved in the project and proper channels should be used to solve problems during the project life.


    • Development of Human Resources Directly Application of Business Demands Industrial Revolution 4.0 Arbitration
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 165-169
    • Dr. Phuong Huu Tung
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • In the context that the 4.0 revolution is having an increasingly profound impact on all aspects of social life in the world, developing high-quality human resources is absolutely necessary for the country and meeting the needs of the society. Recruitment demand from enterprises in Vietnam. The article provides an overview of the current situation of high-quality human resources, on that basis, forecasts about the country's demand for high-quality human resources.


    • Obstacles in Pursuing Business among Entrepreneurship Students
      Original Research Article
      Country Philippines
    • Pages 170-175
    • Reil S. Romero || Exequiel R. Gono
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • This paper aims to explore the obstacles that impedes entrepreneurship students from pursuing business. This study utilized descriptive-exploratory design involving 263 entrepreneurship students from different Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) in Davao City. A descriptive-exploratory research design that utilized a 22-item scale instrument from in-depth interview was used as data collection tool which will be subjected to Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Thematic analysis was employed and loaded 17 items to four (4) constructs after 16 iterations thus, making them the obstacles in pursuing business among entrepreneurship students. These measures are: (1) individual entrepreneurial knowledge and skills, (2) access to financial and human capital, (3) prevailing economic and political condition, and (4) financial capacity and risk propensity.


    • Contract Management Practices and Performance of Roads Construction Projects in Rwanda: Case of Rwanda Transport Development Agency
      Original Research Article
      Country Rwanda
    • Pages 176-181
    • Charles Harerimana
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Poor public contract management, especially in procurement of projects works has contributed to poor performance of roads construction projects. The main aim of the study was to examine the relationship between contract management practices and performance of roads construction projects in Rwanda. The study was anchored on Twо-Fасtоr Theory while explanatory research design was used. The study utilized questionnaire as a data collection instrument and analyzed using inferential statistics. The study findings revealed that contract negotiations was positive and statistically significant (β = 0.318, p<0.05). Further, statistical results showed that there was a positive and no significant relationship between contract monitoring and performance of roads construction projects (β = 0.056, p>0.05). The study recommends that a capacity building and knowledge transfer plan be structured and put in place in order to eliminate any route cause that can lead to future negligence of negotiations practices which may lead to significant long term issues which may affect projects performance negatively.


    • The role of institution in development of logistics transport: the case of Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 182-191
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Institutions is playing an increasingly important role in economic development. This paper aims to measure the role of institution in development of logistics transport through assessing the impact of institution on logistics transport productivity using multivariate regression model (MR) with time series data from 2010 to 2020 of Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam (HCM). The study objective is to assess which factors of institutions impact on logistics transport productivity and how they impact. The highlight findings are People's participation at the grassroots level and Public service supply impact on goods productivity calculated on labour, passenger productivity calculated on labour, and passenger productivity calculated on capital. Accountability to the people and Public administrative procedures impact on goods productivity calculated on labour. The publicity and transparency and the control of corruption in the public sector impact on passenger productivity calculated on labour. The control of corruption in the public sector impacts on passenger productivity calculated on capital.


    • How does physical transport infrastructure impact on logistics transport development: Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam case
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 192-201
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The objective of this paper is to assess how physical infrastructure impact on logistics transport development; the case of Ho Chi Minh-Vietnam (HCM). Author uses Multivariate regression (MR) to assess by separated MR models, respectively. The major findings are cargo productivity / total labour is are impacted by road length, road quality, length of the railway line, quality of the airway. Passenger productivity / total labour is impacted by road length, road quality, length of the railway line, airlines units which departing internationally, quality of the airway, connection between domestic and international airports. Cargoproductivity / total capital is impacted by road length, road quality, length of the railway line, airlines units which departing internationally, quality of the airway, connection between domestic and international airports. Passenger productivity / total capital is impacted road length, length of the railway line, railway quality, quality of the airway, connection between domestic and international airports.All of eight independent variables PI1, PI2, PI3, PI4, PI5, PI6, PI7, PI8impact onGDP of logistics transport in HCM.


    • How relation between Information technology transport infrastructure and logistics transport development: empirical case in Ho Chi Minh
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 202-212
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Our lives today are heavily dependent on information technology. Especially economic activities, logistics transport sector is not exception. The objective of paper is to measures the role of information technology infrastructure (ITI) in development of logistics transport by assessing the impact of six independent variables of ITI on logistics transport development which using multivariate regression (MR). The main findings are Labour goods productivity is impacted bynumber of broadband subscriptions andinternational internet traffic. Labour passenger productivity is impacted by number of safe Internet connectionsand number of broadband subscriptions. Capital goods productivity is impacted bynumber of safe Internet connections and number of ADSL internet subscribers. Gross domestic product isimpacted by number of ADSL internet subscribers, international internet traffic and number of mobile network subscriptions.


    • The importance of business environment in logistics transport development: Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 213-223
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • There is a variety of factors impact on business environment, they are in different way to impact on. Objective of the paper is to analyse the importance of business environment in logistics transport development by assess three variables are investment of government, foreign investment and economy openness in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (HCM). Author uses Multivariate regression (MR) with time series data between 2010 and 2020. The main findings arewhile investment from the government budgetand foreign investment impact, openness of economy does not impact on Labour goods productivity. While investment from the government budgetand foreign investment impact, openness of economy does not impact on Labour passenger productivity. While foreign investment impacts, investment from the government budgetand openness of economy do not impact on Capital goods productivity. While foreign investment impacts, investment from the government budgetand openness of economy do not impact on Capital passenger productivity. Whileinvestment from the government budgetand foreign investment impact, openness of economy does not impact on Gross domestic products.


    • Study on how impact of emission factor on logistics transport development: Ho Chi Minh case
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 224-234
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Our global is being warmed is a concerned matter. In which greenhouse gases is main reason that directly affects. Particularly, consisting of CO2, methane and other emission factors cause air pollution. The objective of paper is to assess how impact ofthese factors on logistics transport development by using Multivariate regression (MR). The main findings are CO2, methane and other emission factors cause air pollution impact on Labour goods productivity. Methane impacts on Labour passenger productivity. CO2, Methaneimpact on Gross domestic products.


    • Is logistics transport development impacted by human resource: the Ho Chi Minh case
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 235-244
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • Human resources always play an important role in the operation of business organizations. In addition, the gender issues, qualifications and training career stronglyimpact on the productivity and growth of the organizations. This paper has objective is to assess the impact of human resources, gender, qualification and training career on logistics transport industry, by using multivariate regression (MR), the case of Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam (HCM). The highlight findings are total number of labour force, total number of female labour force, total number of labour force who have been career trained and total number of labour force have been graduated high school impact on goods productivity calculated on total number of employees. While total number of labour force and total number of labour force have been graduated high school impact, total number of female labour force and total number of labour force who have been career trained do not impact on passenger productivity calculated on total number of employees. While total number of female labour force, total number of labour force who have been career trained and total number of labour force have been graduated high school impact, total number of labour forcedoes not impact on goods productivity calculated on total capital. While total number of labour force and total number of labour force have been graduated high school impact, total number of female labour force and total number of labour force who have been career trained do not impact on gross domestic products.


    • Study on if capital, enterprises impacton logistics transport development: the case of Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 245-254
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • In general business activities, fixed asset investment capital, long-term investment, capital put into business operation yearly, and the number of enterprises which are operating in the industry that they are major influence on the business development. The objective of this paper is to measure the impact of these factors to the development of logistics transport industry, the case in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam (HCM). The main findings are (1) While total number of enterprises and fixed assets & long-term investment capital impact, total capital for yearly business operation does not impact on goods productivity which calculates on labour. (2) While total number of enterprises and total capital for yearly business operation impact, fixed assets & long-term investment capital does not impact on passenger productivity which calculates on labour. (3) While total number of enterprises and fixed assets & long-term investment capital impact, total capital for yearly business operation does not impact on goods productivity which calculates on total capital. (4) While total number of enterprises and fixed assets & long-term investment capital impact, total capital for yearly business operation does not impact on passenger productivity which calculates on total capital. (5) total number of enterprises, total capital for yearly business operation and fixedassets & long-term investment capital impact on Gross domestic products.


    • Corporate Social Responsibility: Study of the Perception of Agricultural Managers in Cameroon
      Original Research Article
      Country Cameroon
    • Pages 255-267
    • KAMGANG Hubert || TONMO Simplice Gaël
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The objective of this article is to understand the perception of farm managers of CSR. To achieve this, we mobilized a qualitative research, more precisely an empirical survey of exploratory type based on case studies with 13 leaders of large, small and medium farms in Cameroon. The discourse of the actors allowed us to identify 4 types of leaders: 7 pragmatic leaders who have a good knowledge of CSR and implement it with full knowledge of the facts; 2 lay leaders who have no knowledge of CSR and therefore do not apply it; 3 of the respondents are altruistic and therefore have no knowledge of CSR but apply it without knowing it; Finally, we found in terms of discourse, 1 deviant leader who has a good knowledge of CSR, but does not apply it The social component of CSR is the most familiar to farm managers. We recommend that managers get in touch with competent experts in the field or with the ministry in charge, which will be of great help to them in mastering the techniques that can help them make good use of CSR for a better future of their farms. We encourage public authorities to set up incentives to encourage companies, especially small ones (more numerous), to adopt responsible behaviors. Training programs for managers wishing to learn about CSR would be welcome, especially in the vernacular language of community radio stations, to help managers who do not easily use French and English to grasp the concept.


    • Influence of Career Development on organizational Productivity of Savings and Credit Co-Operative Societies in Kericho County
      Original Research Article
      Country Kenya
    • Pages 268-275
    • Benard Kipkoech Langat || Dr. Wanderi Karanja
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The aim of the study was to examine the influence of career development on organizational productivity of savings and credit co-operative societies in Kericho County. This research was useful in designing policies, practices and procedures and building strategies for employee engagement for greater success in achieving strategic business goals and high productivity. This research was focused on the theory of self-determination. Descriptive research design was employed in the analysis. Via stratified and simple random sampling methods, a target population of 600 employees and a sample of 180 were chosen. Closed and open ended questionnaires, self-administered, were used to collect primary data. From different publications, secondary data was collected. We used descriptive and inferential statistics. The data was then displayed using tables and charts of frequency distribution. Descriptive statistics was deployed including the mean and standard deviation. Inferential statistics was used for analysis. Findings established that career development had a positive significant relationship with organization productivity. This implies that career development has a positive influence on organization productivity that is significant at 5% levels of significance. The study concluded that organization should development good reviewable compensation packages, rewards and offer career development based rewards through promotion, seminars and capacity building. It recommended that organization has duty to ensure that good environment and better training to will ensure career development.


    • Study on Goods and Passenger Loading Performance Index of air Transportation Logistics: Vietnam Case
      Original Research Article
      Country Vietnam
    • Pages 276-290
    • Vu Thi Kim Hanh
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The objective of this paper is to measure the Air Transportation Logistics Performance bymethodology is Maximum Log Likelihood-Assessing fit of a Logistics Regression and multivariate regression which focusing on analysing and justifying two factors that are passenger load index and goods load index. There are eight independent variables, in whichfour independent variablesX1 to X4 belong to passenger load indexand X5to X8belong to goods load index. The highlight findings are while number of passengers have been transport by air in local Vietnam without distinguishing of the lengh of transported distance and number of passengers have been transport by air from Vietnam to oversease without distinguishing of the lengh of transported distance haveimpact, number of passengers have been transport by air in local Vietnam multiplying by the actual lengh of transported distance does not have impact on revenue from express service supply of postal companies. While volume of goods have been carried by air in local Vietnam without distinguishing of the lengh of transported distance andvolume of goods have been carried by air from Vietnam to oversease without distinguishing of the lengh of transported distanceandvolume of goods have been carried by air from Vietnam to overseasemultiplying by the actual lengh of transported distancehave impact, volume of goods have been carried by air in local Vietnammultiplying by the actual lengh of transported distancedoesnot have impact on revenue from passenger transportation service supply of travel and tourist companies.


    • Stock Investment During The COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia
      Original Research Article
      Country Indonesia
    • Pages 291-297
    • Desi Astuti
    • Abstract | pdf Pdf
    • The COVID-19 pandemic has hit various sectors, including the stock market where many people hesitate to invest in stocks. Many industries were affected by Covid-19 where since March 2020 Jakarta Composite Index has decreased because many investors have sold their stocks, but since the third week of May 2020 until early June 2020 has shown an increase indicating stocks trading is starting to show improvement. This study aims to analyze which sector stocks are still able to survive in the COVID-19 pandemic, using Active Stocks by Total Trading Volume, Active Stocks by Total Trading Value on Indonesia Stock Exchange, weekly and monthly market capitalization values with a sample of Top twenty stocks based on Total Trading Volume and Total Trading Value, on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) from March 2020 to June 2020, The Financial Services Authority weekly Statistics and the Indonesia Stock Exchange Monthly Statistics. The results showed that during the COVID-19 pandemic, investors could still benefit from investing in stocks if every decision made by the investor was supported by careful calculations. Investors must be careful in choosing which sectors to go. Investors need to do a fundamental analysis so that they are not mistaken in placing funds, and diversification stocks to reduce the risk of loss which is too big to invest. If the situation returns to normal, all sectors will rise again with adjustments following the new normal protocol. Stocks of the consumer industry sector, the telecommunications sector such as data, towers and the health sector such as pharmaceuticals and hospitals are stocks that can be chosen by investors during the COVID-19 pandemic.