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  • Design Model of Seaweed Bank as an Alternative to Rural Microfinance Institutions
    Original Research Article
    Country Indonesia
  • Pages 01-06
  • Ine Fausayana
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • This study aims to create a design model of Seaweed Bank. Seaweed banks are designed by combining the financing model of Cooperatives and Banking, but both the initial and subsequent deposits are not in cash, but in the form of commodities (dried seaweed).The study was conducted from 2017 to May 2018 (four seaweed seasons). The results showed that farmers’ revenue (with set aside 5 percent per Planting Season of total revenue) amounted to US$ 433 per year per farmer or US$ 107.161 from 300 farmers. During the famine season, farmers no longer borrow funds from patron but farmers can take it from Seaweed Bank. Farmers’ need of seed that can be provided as much as US$ 96.435 or as many as 296 ropes per farmer and still remaining balance of saving as much as US$ 199.239 in the village. At the normal price US$ 0,942 per kg of dried seaweed there is an addition to the total seaweed value as much as US$ 199.239, which will impact the expected year-end saving to be as much as US$ 18.430



  • The Determınants of Capıtal Structure: an Empırıcal Study of The Lısted Fırms on Bıst (Borsa Istanbul) Servıce Sector
    Original Research Article
    Country Turkey
  • Pages 07-20
  • Tuba Gulcemal
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • This research investigates the determinants of the capital structure of firms listed service sector on BIST(Borsa Istanbul) and the adjustment process towards this target. The econometric analysis employs the Generalized Method of Moments estimators (GMM-Sys, GMM difference) techniques that controls for unobserved firm-specific effects and the endogeneity problem. The findings of the paper suggest that firms have target leverage ratios and they adjust to them relatively fast. Consistent with the predictions of capital structure theories and the findings of the empirical literature, the results of this paper suggest that size, assets tangibility, profitability, growth opportunity except earnings volatility have significant effects on the capital structure choice of hotels and restaurants.The capital structure or leverage is measured by total debt ratio. Analysis results indicates that firms with high profits, sizable, high fixed assets ratio and high total sales and more growth opportunities tend to have relatively less debt in their capital structures.



  • An Empirical Study of Attitude Towards Entrepreneurial Intention among Pakistan and China Agricultural Graduates in Agribusiness
    Original Research Article
    Country China
  • Pages 21-34
  • Ghulam RazaSargani || Zhou Deyi || Habibullah Magsi || Sanaullah Noonari || Mumtaz Ali Joyo || Syed Muhammad Muslim Kazmi
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The purpose of this paperis toinvestigate the difference of attitudes towards entrepreneurial intention (EI) of Agriculturalgraduates in agribusiness, this cannot be realized without harnessing the quality human resource base of the youth, especially graduates from agricultural faculties, Pakistani and ChineseAgri-students used to identify thepossible differences between potential entrepreneurs from these distinct national contexts. The data includes set of agricultural universities being a surveyed (n= 640)was collected in 2016. The Descriptive and Binary Logistic Regressionwas employed in order to analyze through SPSS 25.00to investigate the effect of individual's attitudes on EIin agribusiness, independent variables include individual's perceived capabilities, the ability torecognize business opportunities, entrepreneurial network, risk perceptions as well as range of socio-cultural attitudes. The findings support the relationship between an individual's attitudes and theirentrepreneurial intention. Individual's capability, opportunity recognition, networks andrange of socio-cultural perceptions all influence EI significantly also, age, gender, the educationalbackground of students, mediamotivation and attention, self-realization status, practical agricultural experience and risks perception were found to have a significantinfluence on students' intention to take up agribusiness as a source of future self-employment avenue upon graduation.



  • Operational Risk Management
    Original Research Article
    Country Portugal
  • Pages 35-61
  • Patricia Pereira || Eduardo Sá e Silva || Adalmiro Pereira
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • This work shows the operational risk management and the importance of implementing an appropriate structure of risk management. In order to contextualize the issue was addressed the concept of risk and operational risk and the various risk categories and made the frame in the various Basel Accords. It focused on Basel II that has innovated dealing with operational risk, hitherto forgotten. In this context it was discussed the various risk assessment methods: basic, standard and advanced. The theme is organized so that there is a common thread that culminates in risk management presenting the guidelines of the BIS in this regard and a model of a risk management framework.



  • Implementing and Monitoring the HR Operating Plan: A Conceptual Framework for Performance Measurement and Management
    Original Research Article
    Country USA
  • Pages 62-71
  • John Edward Jarvis, DBA
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • This paper presents a proposed conceptual model for implementing and monitoring performance of the HR operating plan based on the resource-based view of the firm (RBV) theory and systems theory and thinking (ST&T). The proposed model should provide organizational and human resources leaders, as well as organizational development practitioners with the ability to develop the organizations’ internal environment as a driver of competitive advantage, including recognition of how the whole organization system and the environment influence subsystem components. This proposed conceptual model bridges a gap in literature related to defining an aligned human resources performance measurement and management system and the subsequent link to organizational performance.