The World Bank firstly issued the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) in 2007, which analyzes six different aspects that influence the logistics Performance of different countries. These six indicators are based on two main important Categories. They are: Policy Regulation Areas, indicating key inputs to the supply chain, containing three Indicators: Customs Performance.
The Influence of Inclusion in the Relationship between Workplace Diversity and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Original Research Article Country China
The objective of this study was to identify the influence of inclusion in the relationship between workplace diversity and organizational citizenship behavior. Data were gathered from hospitality sector employees of Zhenjiang, city, China. The used applied a structural equation modeling (SEM) using non-probability (convenience sampling) on a sample of 252 employees to identify their gender
Transformational Leadership: A Systematic Literature Review for Future Research Agenda Original Research Article Country Indonesia
Leadership is one of the subjects often discussed in corporate environments and has been researched in relation to several performance results among employees. Transformational leadership is a style of leadership described by the partnerships between leaders and followers and the outcomes they accomplish together to fulfill organizational objectives.,
Structural Equation Model on Work Engagement among Hotel Employees in Region XI, Philippines. Original Research Article Country Philippines
The purpose of this study was to determine the best fit model of work engagement specifically; it established the interrelationship of service quality, decision-making, psychological empowerment among hotel employees in Region XI, Philippines. Quantitative research design and structural equation model (SEM) were utilized. The data were gathered from 408 hotel employee using the four sets of survey questionnaires. The exogenous variables are service quality, decision-making, psychological empowerment with endogenous variable of work engagement. Findings revealed that the level of service quality, psychological empowerment, and work engagement were very high, and high for decision-making.
The Role of AIS Success on Accounting Information Quality Original Research Article Country Indonesia
The organization requires an accounting information system (AIS) to generate information that is required in achieving organizational goals. This study aims to (1) evaluate the measurement model of AIS success; (2) analyze the effect of system quality on AIS success, and (3) analyze the effect of AIS success on the accounting information quality. The population is the government units (SKPD) in the Regional Government of Kebumen Regency. The number of respondents was 114 finance/accounting manager/staff.
Customer Satisfaction Among Malls in Region XI: A Structural Equation Modelling Original Research Article Country Philippines
The main purpose of this study was to develop a model that best fits customer satisfaction with marketing mix, service quality and relationship marketing as the exogenous variables and customer satisfaction as the endogenous variable. Review of related literatures revealed that customer dissatisfaction provides for grave consequences in business. A quantitative non-experimental design utilizing correlational
The perception about the selling price of luxury apartments: The case of Hanoi, Vietnam Original Research Article Country Vietnam
This study was presented to identify, evaluate and measure the attributes of the perception about the selling price of luxury apartments in Hanoi. Based on literature review and the results of some interviews, 500 questionnaires were sent directly to employees and real estate experts working for real estate managing or trading organizations and were collected in 2 month. However, only 458 questionnaires were satisfactory and included in the analysis. The results of descriptive statistics, Cronbach's Alpha analysis have identified and measured 3 attributes of the perception about the selling price
A study on the salaries of employees in manufacturing enterprises in Hanoi, Vietnam Original Research Article Country Vietnam
The main objective of this study was to identify, evaluate, and to measure the attributes of workers' wages in manufacturing enterprises in Hanoi. The study was based on a field survey using a semi-structured questionnaire on a sample of 350 employees. But, only 300 filled questionnaires were satisfactory and therefore included in the analysis. By using seceral statistical analytical tools, i.e. descriptive statistics, Cronbach's Alpha
THE SOCIAL & ECONOMICAL IMPACT OF GST ON INDIAN ECONOMY Original Research Article Country India
The Indian taxation system is based on the assumption of maximum social welfare. The Indian taxation system has been providing essential amenities to the citizens along with the financial support to the Central and State Governments. The Indian government has introduced various reforms in the taxation system for the development of national economy. These taxation reforms have helped the Indian economy to achieve the competitive advantage at Global Platform. However, a major tax reform has been introduced by the Government of India as Goods and Services Tax (GST) on July 1st, 2017 in a momentous midnight session (June 30th– July 1st, 2017) of both the houses of parliament. The GST has been introduced to ensure rational, transparent, uniform and comprehensive indirect taxation structure in India. However, the implementation of GST has been influenced the various sectors of
STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL ON JOB SATISFACTION AMONG BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING EMPLOYEES IN REGION XI Original Research Article Country Philippines
The main purpose of this study was to identify and determine the best fit model of job satisfaction. Precisely, it recognized the interrelationship between exogenous variable: psychological empowerment, learning organization, perceived organizational politics, and job satisfaction among business process outsourcing employees in Region XI. Structural Equation Modeling and quantitative research design were applied in this study. The data were gathered from 400 BPO employees and a total of four survey questionnaires were used in gathering the data based on the variables of the study. Findings revealed that the level of psychological empowerment, learning organization, and perceived organizational politics was high, while job satisfaction was on very high level.
A PATH ANALYSIS MODEL ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCEAMONG CREDIT COOPERATIVES Original Research Article Country Philippines
The main objective of this study is to develop a best fit path model for organizational performance. A review of related literature confirmed that underperformance is a common occurrence in the business world which leads to severe losses and ultimately business closure. A quantitative research design utilizing correlational technique was used in this study.
Empowerment-Based of Mosque Finance Management Model to Increase The Ummah’s Economy Original Research Article Country Indonesia
This research conducted in Salman mosque, located on jalan STM no 12, Sitirejo II, Medan Amplas sub-district. The data sources obtained from the interview with the administrator, in this case, BKM (Mosque Welfare Agency) of Salman Mosque, secretary and treasurer of the mosque. Regarding the fund management system, the funds of the mosque are deposited in Bank Syariah Mandiri on behalf of the Salman Mosque, that under the responsibility of the chief and treasurer of BKM of Salman Mosque. The organization structure of the mosque is good enough, which already has AD/ART (basic budget/household budget) and complete organization structure that are appropriate with other mosques in general. For the SWOT analysis, the strengths are the location of the mosque which is located on STM busy main road so that many congregants who are travelers or who are from around Medan city come to pray at the mosque, there are young mosque activists who are adept on technology, and mosque facilities and infrastructures that are adequate. The weaknesses are the lack of mosque development, the absence of mosque publication on social media and the lack of active participation of the elected mosque administrators. The mosque has opportunities to obtain a great source of funding because of a large number of congregants visit the mosque. The thing that can be said as a threat is because many street vendors in front of the mosque gate make the outside area of mosque gate filled with garbage from street vendors who are trading in front of the gate. So far there have been no programs that lead to empowering the ummah or congregations around the mosque. From the result of FGD (Focus Grup Discussion), the mosque financial management model was programmed based on ummah empowerment by establishing a Mosque-Owned Enterprises such as opening a mart or shop that provides daily needs of the ummah with a congregational business model where interested congregants are encouraged to have shares in the mart like the concept of cooperation, with the result that the profit will come back to the mosque congregants. Thus, the business model becomes a fair and transparent business to all members by their contribution. For the long-term investment, the mosque can also build multipurpose buildings, which can be rented for various events, such as social gatherings or weddings; the mosque can also provide catering packages and chairs to complement the facilities. For the problem of the difficulty of finance access for the lower society, shari’a-based microfinance can be formed to help to develop the businesses of productive poor members who have a business, the organization can be Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (BMT) or Koperasi Syariah (Shari’a-based Cooperation) and Bank Wakaf Mikro (BWM) (Micro Wakaf Bank) which has been supported and approved by the OJK (Financial Service Authority) with loan and funding worth Rp1 million-Rp 5 million without bail or collateral under the program of group lending Grameen Bank.
Effect of Budgetary Participation on the Budgetary Slack with Information Asymmetry, Environmental Uncertainty, and Budget Emphasis as Variables Moderation Original Research Article Country Indonesia
The objective of this study is to examine the influence of budgetary participation on budgetary slack. The moderating effects of information asymmetry, environmental uncertainty and budget emphasis are also being identified on the relationship between budgetary participation and budgetary slack. The population in this study is 27 SKPD (regional working unit) in the government of South Sulawesi Province, with the number of respondents are as many as 105. Research data is collected using census sampling method and analyzed with Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The results shows that the budgetary participation has a positive and significant impact on budgetary slack. Meanwhile, the information asymmetry and environmental uncertainty are unable to moderate the relationship between budgetary participation on budgetary slack. In the other hand, budget emphasis is proved to moderate the relationship between the budgetary participation on the budgetary slack.
The Effect of Financial Literacy and Attitude on Financial Management Behavior and Satisfaction Original Research Article Country Indonesia
Finance aspect is one of the most important things in a family in order to develop their life every day. However, the heads of family, husband and wife should be able to manage the stability and development of family’s financial with a purpose to acquire financial satisfaction. Inspired by the developed previous research, this research examined the effect of financial literacy and financial attitudes on financial management behavior and financial satisfaction of married individuals in Kelurahan Sepanjang Jaya, Bekasi. Financial literacy, financial attitudes were examined as independent variable. Financial management behavior became the mediator variable; as independent but also dependent variable. Financial satisfaction will examined as dependent variable. The sample was 200 respondents married individuals, chosen by using non-probability sampling. Twostep Multiple Regression Analysis is used to test the hypotheses. The result shows financial attitude was the most influencing variable toward financial management behavior; also financial management behavior was the most influencing variable toward financial satisfaction. Researcher recommends that giving more attention to financial attitude and financial management behavior is important to achieve financial satisfaction. Therefore, this research result contributes to increase married individuals’ awareness that financial satisfaction can be achieved by having good financial attitude and management behavior.
The Impact of Physical and Human Capital on The Economic Growth of Agricultural Sector in North Sumatra Original Research Article Country Indonesia
North Sumatra province is one of the provinces with major potential in the agricultural sector which is accounted for 16.60% in the gross domestic product (GDP) formation, it is necessary efforts so that the production of the agricultural sector can be maintained and improved. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the agricultural sector capital expenditure (physical capital) and education, health, and labor (human capital) to economic growth in North Sumatra. The data used in this study are the panel data which are time series and cross section in 14 districts/cities in North Sumatra. The research using linear regression analysis method with fixed effect model. The analysis showed education, health, labor and agriculture sector capital spending has significant positive effect on economic growth as measured by the agricultural sector GDP.
Eco- Tourism: Strategy to Leverage HIV/AIDS Prevelance in Usigu Division Siaya County, Kenya Original Research Article Country Migori County
Okeyo O. Elijah || DrHayombeO. Patrick || Dr. OyugiO.Dalmas
In Kenya ecotourism is seen as having the potential of driving the economy for locally directed developments based on utilization of the ecosystem and cultural resources. The study explores how ecotourism products can be utilized to leverage the fights against HIV/AIDS among the fishing communities. Specifically, it sought to examine the nature based eco-tourism products and artifacts to leverage the fight against HIV/AIDS in Usigu Division. This study sought to establish nature-based ecotourism products in Usigu that can be explored to leverage prevalence of the pandemic. This study was anchored on Product Branding Theory and conducted through a descriptive research design. Research population consisted of beach assembly members. The findings established that, the natural attractions and artifacts in Usigucan promote eco-tourism and reduce poverty, and that there are plenty of nature-based opportunities for ecotourism activities. The study recommends the Branding and marketing of Usigunature-based products and destinations such asnatural attractions, artifacts and heritage sites.
A study on employers' satisfaction with accounting graduates in Hanoi, Vietnam Original Research Article Country Vietnam
Hong Nhung Nguyen || Tien Thanh Nguyen || Duc Tai Do
This study examines the employers' satisfaction with accounting graduates in Hanoi, Vietnam. The study uses SPSS22 software with descriptive statistics, Cronbach's Alpha and Anova. This study uses data of enterprises in Hanoi during 2019.The data used for analysis are 135 observations.The research results of this study identify that employers' satisfaction with accounting graduatesincluding 10 attributes, were rated at an average of 3.4 or higher. From the findings it is clear that the research results are useful to help accounting students improve themselves to meet employers' requirements and satisfaction.
Community Perception on Management of Green Open Space (RTH) in Pontianak City Original Research Article Country Indonesia
This research is based on the "Indonesia Green Award" obtained by the City of Pontianak in the category of Green City, the results of this award are one of the efforts of the Pontianak City government in building and managing green space. The purpose of this study was to find out how people's perceptions of the management of Green Open Space in Pontianak City. The research method used in this study is a descriptive survey method with interview techniques and questionnaire aids. The approach used is a quantitative approach. The result is that the perception of the majority of respondents regarding the management of Green Open Space in general is good, but it cannot be denied that there are still a small number of respondents who disagree with the management of Green Open Space that has been able to meet the RTH standards.
Corporate Restructuring and its Effect on Economic Value Added of Some Select Indian Companies – A Study Original Research Article Country India
The process of mergers and acquisitions has gained substantial importance in today’s’ corporate world and used extensively for restructuring the business organizations. The increased competition in the global market has prompted the Indian companies to go for mergers and acquisitions as an important strategic choice. Indian corporate enterprises are refocusing in the lines of core competence, market share, global competitiveness and consolidation. The immediate effects of the mergers and acquisitions have also been diverse across the Indian IT and ITeS and other sectors of the Indian economy which have proved their potential in the global market. Increased participation of the Indian companies in the global corporate sector has further facilitated the merger and acquisition activities in India. The present paper is an attempt to understand the Economic Value Added and its effect due to the merger of some of the selected Indian companies.
Structural Equation Model on Employee Engagement of Restaurants in Region XII Original Research Article Country Philippines
The study aimed to identify the best fit model on employee engagement among 400 food chain workers in Region Xll using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The constructs covered in the study include human resource management practices, service climate, communication and employee engagement. The study employed a quantitative non- experimental research design using descriptive-correlation. Stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. Statistical tools applied in the study were Mean, Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Multiple Regression and Structural Equation Modelling to attain its objective. Very high results of three exogenous variables namely: human resource management practices, service climate and communication were observed. The endogenous variable which is employee engagement got also a very high result. Significant relationships of the three constructs with employee engagement were established. However, in the final analysis, service climate was not supported in the model 5 as best fit model. Based on the model fit, human resource management practices as indicated by rewards and benefits and work life balance; and communication as indicated by task communication, career communication and personal communication best predict employee engagement as indicated by vigor and dedication.
Structural Equation Model on Organizational Performance of Hotels in Region XII, Philippines Original Research Article Country Philippines
The study developed and tested a model of organizational performance of 446 hotel employees using structural equation modeling (SEM) as the fundamental statistical tool to analyze the relationship among the constructs covered in the study. The constructs consisted of total quality management, innovation capability, entrepreneurial orientation, and organizational performance of hotels in Region XII, Philippines. Relationships of the three constructs with organizational performance were established and supported the model in the final analysis. The model fit consisted of total quality management innovation capability, and entrepreneurial orientation as the predictors of organizational performance. The model also showed a positive relationship between the three exogenous variables and organizational commitment. The findings of the study confirmed the resource-based view (RBV) theory, which demonstrated that when top management identifies the strategy or competitive position that best utilizes internal resources and capabilities with external opportunities, the organization can hold several competitive positions.
A Causal Model on Organizational Commitment among Cooperative Employees Original Research Article Country Philippines
This study determined the best fit model of organizational commitment of cooperative employees in Region XII as influenced by entrepreneurial marketing, human resource management practices and knowledge management. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and quantitative research design employing correlational technique was utilized in this study. The data were gathered from 402 cooperative employees selected through stratified random sampling and adapted questionnaires. The results of the study revealed a very high level of entrepreneurial marketing and human resource management practices while knowledge management obtained a high level. The organizational commitment obtained a very high level which means that organizational commitment are always manifested by cooperative employees. The findings of the study also revealed that human resource management practices have a significant relationship with organizational commitment but not entrepreneurial marketing and knowledge management. However, when regressed, organizational commitment was found to be influenced by the cooperatives’ entrepreneurial marketing, human resource management practices and knowledge management. The best fit model on organizational commitment is Model 5. The model indicates that organizational commitment as indicated by continuance and affective is predicted by entrepreneurial marketing as indicated by resource leveraging, risk-taking orientation and proactiveness.
Structural Equation Model on Organization Communication Satisfaction of Hotel Employees in Region XII Original Research Article Country Philippines
This study aimed to develop the best fit model on organization communication satisfaction of hotel employees using structural equation modelling (SEM) as the fundamental statistical tool to analyse the interrelationship among the constructs of organizational efficacy, service climate, social exchange and organization communication satisfaction. It employed descriptive-correlational research design and used stratified-random sampling technique in choosing the 402 hotel employees. Mean, Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Multiple Regression and Structural Equation Modelling were applied as statistical tools to the levels, interrelationships, influence, and explored the best fit model of the constructs respectively. Signifcant relationships of the three constructs with organization communication satisfaction were established. Organizational efficacy and service climate were always observed while social exchanged and organization communication satisfaction were sometimes observed by the respondents. When regressed, it was found that service climate and social exchange influenced organization communication satisfaction. The best fit model of organization communication satisfaction is model 5. The model showed that organizational efficacy as indicated by sense of resilience and social exchange as indicated by experiential information, emotional support, humour exchanged and exchange outside meetings best predict organization communication satisfaction as indicated by organizational integration, supervisor communication and media quality.
A Study on Online Accounting Software in Firms in Hanoi Original Research Article Country Vietnam
Tien Thanh Nguyen || Thi Hanh Duyen Nguyen || Duc Tai Do
This paper is conducted to research online accounting software in firms in Hanoi. This study uses data of firms in Hanoi during 2019. The data used for analysis are 125 observations. We use descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha, Anova for measuring the attrubutes ofonline accounting software. The results show that online accounting softwareincluding ten (10) attrubutes. Based on the findings, some recommendations are given to help software companies improve the quality of online accounting software, firms intending to use online accounting software select suitable online accounting software.
A Study on Goodwill and its Treatments in Accounting Original Research Article Country Vietnam
The issue of goodwill being an intangible asset is controversial in accounting field in the world. Treatment of goodwill after recording it in the consolidated financial statements is very complicated so there are some techniques to avoid, alter and adjust it. That is why the issue of true and fair presentation of goodwill and its treatment is concern. Based on the desk review, this paper presents, discusses these issues and gives some comments its treatment in order to having a true and fair value of goodwill in the consolidated financial statements of reporting firms in the world and Vietnam as well.
Effect of Stakeholder Linkages on Organizational Performance of Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization Original Research Article Country Kenya
Mercy Bett Kaimenyi || Dr. Margaret Waruguru || Juma Wagoki
Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization is tasked with facilitating improved production technology and establishing adequate feedback systems from agricultural producers. However, the agricultural research services and outputs f rom the institution are not adequately availed and adopted by the target clients for sustainable development through agriculture. This led to the assessment of effect of stakeholder linkages on organizational performance of Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization. The objectives of the study included; to find out the effect of normative linkages, diffused linkages, enabling linkages and functional linkages on organizational performance of Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization. It was further guided by theories; stakeholder theory and marketing myopia theory. Descriptive survey design was applied to gather adequate and detailed information for the research study. The target population was the research scientists of institutes of Kenya Agricul tural and Livestock Research organizations. Questionnaires were used to collect data that was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics with aid of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). Study findings were presented in tables. Both descriptive and inferential findings revealed that stakeholder linkages had an effect on organizational performance. Regression analysis showed that the correlation of each independent variable and dependent variable was strong and positive. It implied that there was a relationship between normative, diffused, functional and enabling linkages taken together and organizational performance of KALRO was strong, positive and statistically significant. Therefore, the interactions of KALRO with stakeholders affected their organizational performance. Based on the coefficient of determination findings, variation or changes in organizational performance was well explained by the changes in the changes from the stakeholder linkages. The overall significance of the model showed that it fitted the data and all independent variables affected the dependent variable. The ratio of departure of estimated values of the study parameters from the hypothesized values to the standard errors showed that the stakeholder linkages affected organizational performance since their association was significant. The study findings will benefit Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, the government through ministry of agriculture, farmers and other researchers. Findings contain important information that can guide marketing of KALRO products thereby improving their uptake and help in revenue generation to fill the existing gap between budget and revenue which indicates the extent of organization performance.
Influence of Project Resource Planning on Performance of Elephant Conservation at TSAVO National Park, Kenya Original Research Article Country Kenya
The aim of the study is to determine the influence of project resource planning on performance of elephant conservation at Tsavo National Park. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the influence of project resource planning on performance of elephant conservation at Tsavo National Park. Two theories of resource-based theory and planning theory were used. From the study, it was revealed that resource planning affected performance of elephant conservation projects to a large extent. The relationship between resource planning and conservation project performance was established to be statistically significant (value (p= 0.000). From the finding, the study recommends that project managers should develop a resource plan that should contain every aspect that pertains to every resource necessary for project from beginning to end. One that should be monitored regularly.
Does the Media Attention Affect the Trading Volume of Online P2P Lending Platforms? ——Based on the Mediating Effect of the Investor Attention Original Research Article Country China
With the rapid development of the Internet and big data, online media has gradually become an important source of investor’s access to investment information. Therefore, this paper mainly studies the influence of the media attention on the trading volume of online P2Plending platforms. We select 47 online P2Plending platforms from June 1, 2016 to May 31, 2018 as research samples, and use Baidu media index as a proxy variable forthe media attention to explore the direct effects of the media attention on the trading volume of online P2P lending platforms. Further, taking the investor attention as an intermediary variable, we examine the indirect effects of the media attention on platform volume by the investor attention.The study shows that the higher the media attention of online P2P lending platform, the higher the trading volumeand the investor attention plays a part of intermediary function in the relationship between the media attention and the trading volume of online P2P lending platforms.
Structural Equation Model of Job Performance among Restaurant Employees in Davao Region Original Research Article Country Philippines
The purpose of this quantitative research was to determine the best fit model involving the following exogenous variables: employee engagement, entrepreneurial marketing and employee empowerment in relation to endogenous variable job performance of restaurant employees. For the purpose of data collection, a survey questionnaire was administered to 403 restaurant employees in Davao Region. Structural equation modelling was used to find the best fit model. The results show that employee engagement, entrepreneurial marketing and employee empowerment show significant relationship with employee‘s job performance. However, among the three identified exogenous variables there were other variables that shows interrelationship emerged as key predictors of employee‘s job performance as depicted in the final and best fit model of this study.
Businesses Transformation of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in Industrial ERA 4.0 Original Research Article Country Indonesia
Deograsias Yoseph Yustinianus Ferdinand || Thyophoida W.S. Panjaitan
The era of the industrial revolution 4.0 aims to increase revenue and cost savings that lead to operational efficiency. Therefore, in order not to be eroded by change and turn it into an opportunity, business actors, in this case Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), must improve, such as starting the process of transformation to follow the currently developing industry, namely 4.0 industry based on digitalization. growing very fast ahead of other industrial eras. Therefore this study wants to explore in-depth information about the extent of the ability of MSMEs to keep pace with the growth of industry 4.0 whose growth is very fast. The sampling technique used in this study was non-probability sampling with a purposive sampling technique, where the interview method used was a semi-structured interview, where the researcher had previously prepared a topic, a list of questions and interview guides before the interview was conducted (Sugiyono, 2014: 231) .
From the results of interviews conducted by researchers at the Surabaya Culinary Tourism Centers, that Culinary Tourism Centers in Surabaya still need a digitalization transformation strategy in order to compete in the fast-growing culinary business and need new innovations that can develop Culinary Tourism Centers into centers of activity Public.
Assessing the Impact of Commercial advertising of Domestic brands on consumer behavior Original Research Article Country Iran
Purpose – The aim of this research was Assessing the Impact of Commercial advertising of Domestic brands on consumer behavior (Case Study: Electronic equipment Manufacturers). Design/methodology/approach – For data analysis Descriptive and inferential statistical methods of regression test were used in SPSS software. The statistical population was included the managers of active electronic equipment manufacturers in Tehran, A total of 500 people. Using the Cochran equation, the sample size was 109 people. To collect information, a researcher-made questionnaire was used, which consisted of 23 statements, whose content and face validity was confirmed by 30 experts, and its reliability in a preliminary test with 30 subjects For all the studied variables was higher than 0.7 Which is at an acceptable level. Findings – The findings showed that Commercial advertising of domestic brands have an impact both on consumer behavior and also on its components i.e the attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control.
Influence of Management of Project Constraints on Completion of Building Construction Projects in Nakuru County, Kenya Original Research Article Country Kenya
Construction companies are often faced with various constraints like funding, technology, materials and more as they plan, organize, schedule and execute various projects. Most constraints of any kind tend to hinder project progress. Many projects in both public and private stall at different stages before completion, this has been attributed to project constraints. Thus, the study sought to establish the influence of management of project constraints on completion of building construction projects in Nakuru County, Kenya. The study specifically sought to determine the influence of management of scope and resource on completion of building construction projects in Nakuru County. The study used a descriptive survey research design. The target population was registered building constructions in Nakuru. The researcher used one respondent in each of the company therefore the total target population was 546 respondents. The study used Nassiuma‟s formulae to get a sample of 85 building construction companies. Questionnaires were used to collect the primary data desirable for the study. The validity of this study was enhanced in search of views of experts in the field of study. while reliability in this study was enhanced by pre-testing the questionnaires with a selected sample which was not included in the main study. The data that was gathered in this study was quantitative in nature and analyzed by utilization of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed in the study. The findings indicated there was a positive and statistically significant correlation between management of scope and completion of building construction projects in Nakuru county. (=0.443; p =.013), the study also showed that there was a positive and statistically significant correlation between management of resource constraint and completion of building construction projects in Nakuru County. (r = 0.441; p = .016). The study recommends that project managers should effectively manage scope, resource and time constraints. The study suggests that similar studies should be conducted among other types of projects in other counties using other factors other than the ones studied