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VOLUME 2 ISSUE 2 March-April 2018

  • Grand Theory Model Of Strategy Quality: Strategic Asset Approach
    Original Research Article
    Country Indonesia
  • Pages 01-09
  • Widodo
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Not all successful organizations with strategies that are owned, meaning that the organization has a strategy, but not many organizations that produce superior performance. The condition relating to the quality of the strategy. There are several approaches to achieve a quality strategy. The first approach through the strategy process. That is the quality of the strategy is a strategy that is built with quality of strategy formulation, strategy implementation quality and quality evaluation of the strategy. The second approach is to create a quality strategy is through the required prerequisites or oganisasi should have a strategic asset. Quality strategies can be realized through the strategic asset approach Exploitabilility Knowledge has the potential to realize sustainable competitive advantage.


  • Total quality management and Organizational Performance: A proposed model on the moderating Effect of Technological Turbulence
    Original Research Article
    Country Malaysia
  • Pages 10-16
  • Waniko Ebenezer Ndabako || TaofikAbidemi Bello || NajeemdeenShiyanbade-Iliyasu
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The study presents a conceptual framework showing the moderating role of technological turbulence on the relationship between total quality management and firms performance. Literature was reviewed before arriving at the proposed conceptual framework. From the model, it is proposed that the relationship between total quality management and organizational performance will be stronger when technological turbulence is supportive and taken in to consideration by Nigerian banking industry. Organizations that leverages on opportunities that evolves around its external environment in terms of change in technology has an edge in attaining competitive edge and improving performance of their organizations more efficiently and effectively than competitors do.


  • Periphery authors, network embeddedness, and research impact: The case of Chinese inland scholars
    Original Research Article
    Country China
  • Pages 17-22
  • Zhi-hong Song || Shuya Wang || Dong-mei Lee
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Based on the social capital theory, this article takes the Chinese inland scholars’ co-authorship network in the field of information science as the case, and investigates the influence of periphery authors’ network embeddedness on research impact by applying Poisson regression model. The empirical results indicate that: (1) Degree centrality positively affect the net citations, (2) an inverted U-shaped relationship exists between the degree centrality and the net citations, which confirms the existence of the optimal collaboration size, and (3) structural hole positively affect the net citations.


  • An Appraisal of Women Targeted Microfinance in Nigeria: A Review of the Activities of Yamdu Multipurpose Cooperative Society in Ankpa Kogi State.
    Original Research Article
    Country Nigeria
  • Pages 23-30
  • Dr. IDRIS HUSSAYN || Dr. Grace Dafiel || Abdullahi L B Bamalli
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Both social capital and microfinance are central to mainstream development interventions, and both are predicated on the need to recognize the importance of social factors in development. Microfinance institutions mobilize social capital in the form of a group guarantee, and aim to support the development of sustainable financial institutions and income generation. Women are targeted in part because of the effectiveness of their social capital as collateral. However, although social capital is assumed to support development and income generation, the precise dynamics involved in this are rarely explored. This article examines the construction of social capital and its relationship to income generation, based on a long-term ethnographic study of village life in rural Nigeria (Ankpa, Kogi state) and the microfinance institution operating there. The authors examine the complexity and gendered contradictions implied in the way that social capital is generally viewed to support economic development. It is suggested that the way microfinance institutions use social capital to support sustainable financial institutions and income generation does not always reflect the way that women‟s networks support access to resources and ultimately, economic development.


  • Family Business (FB) planning in Zimbabwe: a perspective of the Flea Market traders in Masvingo Urban
    Original Research Article
    Country Zimbabwe
  • Pages 31-37
  • Professor Emmanuel Dumbu (PhD)
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Family businesses are probably the predominant forms of businesses the world over. InZimbabwe, such forms of businesses can be traced back to the colonial period to date. Family businesses are recognised for their contributions to the economy in terms of employment creation and foreign currency generation. Literature indicated that the FB is well managed can be the panacea to the economic woes of any country. In this study, the qualitative research philosophy informed the direction of the research. The phenomenological research design was employed and open interviews conducted to generate data for the study. Sampling was purposive to allow those with rich information about the phenomenology understudy to contribute to the debate. Results of the study were that FB managers and owners were aware of the importance of planning. However, two groups emerged one with the view that planning is time consuming and the other with the view that they were planning for their FB operations. It was also established that when planning family, should be secured its commitment. Involvement and participation of the family allowed the next generations to learn how to navigate in the densely competitive business environment fully of risks and uncertainties. Therefore, it was recommended that the prerogative to plan lies in with the FB and family should not be excluded in planning to allow tapping and harnessing knowledge and expertise from family members.


  • Challenges surrounding succession planning in Family-Owned Businesses in Zimbabwe: Views of the founding entrepreneurs of the businesses at Chikarudzo Business Centre in Masvingo District
    Original Research Article
    Country Zimbabwe
  • Pages 38-45
  • Professor Emmanuel Dumbu (PhD)
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Although of recent research attention is increasing focusing on family businesses, several studies focus on other factors than succession planning. Successionplanning is the fulcrum for continuance of the firm.The essence of succession planning is critically important taking into consideration the roles played by these kinds of business in the advancements of economies of the world. Family businesses are appraised because of the ability to create improvement and act as the nursery beds for nurturing the future generation of entrepreneurs. In this regard researchers have not agreed on a specific definition of family businesses but they tend to agree on various characteristics if it and definitions are inclined to these characteristics. In the study family business has been regarded as one that is owned and managed by the family members through the founding entrepreneur. The study was anchored in the qualitative research paradigm where a narrative inquiry research design informed the study. Sample was purposive to allow the informants with rich knowledge on family businesses participate in the data generating data for the investigation. Open interviews were used to generate data. The study found out that lack of communication, lack of appropriateness and preparedness of succession candidates, dysfunctional conflicts in families and the monolithic primogeniture were chief among challenges that surround succession planning in family businesses. Therefore the study recommended that there is need for transparent involvement of family in dialoguing on succession planning. Avoidance of conflict through participation and involvement of members in the management affairs of the business have the potential of reducing everlasting conflicts.


  • Community Participation Level in Business Capital Strengthening
    Original Research Article
    Country INDONESIA
  • Pages 46-52
  • Ine Fausayana || Muhtar Abu || Anas Nikoyan || Reny Neswati
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The purpose of this research is to know the community participation level in business capital strengthening at LEM Sejahtera Program. This research was conducted in AndomLEMnggo Village Beselutu District, Konawe Regency, Indonesia. The study was conducted during 12 months. This research begins by determining the respondent purposively ie the perpetrator who knows and understands the problem, and is directly involved with the research problem. The number of respondents in this study is determined as much as 25% of the total population. So the number of respondents or actors in this study were as many as 38 people. For qualitative data collection, the determination of informants is based on preliminary information about the existence, their roles and functions, work programs and institutional activities. Results of the study showed that: the level of participation of members of LEM Sejahtera in business capital strengthening program is high. Members have mobilized themselves in an integrated activity (savings and regular meetings) and the parties only act as facilitators.


  • Knowledge management and its importance in improving the performance of small and medium-size enterprises
    Original Research Article
    Country Algeria
  • Pages 53-65
  • Zina Benoussad
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The present research paper aims at elucidating the importance of using Knowledge Management as a modern management tool in small and medium-size enterprises operating in western Algeria and its role in improving their performance. An attempt is made in this research to give a theoretical definition of knowledge management, define its requirements and functions, explain performance and its components, and elucidate the importance of Knowledge Management in institutions. In addition, a brief overview is given about small and medium-sized enterprises and their characteristics in Algeria. Moreover, the study was conducted on a sample of small and medium-size enterprises in western Algeria, using questionnaires which were distributed to 40 managers of these institutions. These questionnaires were collected and analyzed by means of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS – manufactured by IBM Corporation). A set of conclusions could be drawn at the end of the research: - Small and medium-size enterprises in western Algeria use Knowledge Management as a modern management approach. - There is a statistically significant correlation between Knowledge Management and Performance in the institutions under study. - There is a statistically significant impact of Knowledge Management on the overall performance of the institutions under study.


  • Educational Transformation in the Philippine Education System:Towards Global Competitiveness
    Original Research Article
    Country United Arab Emirates
  • Pages 66-70
  • Aggabao, B. A. || Aggabao, N.T. || Antiado, D. F. || Castillo, F. G.
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • The Philippine education system had undergone a major transformation in the last 4 years. This is a major renovation in the existing number of years in both educational and instructional time. The implementation of the K-12 is perhaps one of the biggest change that shaken the whole Philippine education system. With the move there are many flaws identified that hinders us from becoming even more competitive globally. The implementation of the K-12 plan in the Philippine Basic Education curriculum will elevate Philippine Education to the next level. Because most countries internationally and globally have a standard basic education of 12 years therefore this reform and change is necessary for us to follow. This will provide students sufficient instructional time for various subjects where they can apply their knowledge, skills and abilities. The challenges, changes and issues involved in the process are discussed in this research study in order to enhance and assess its competitive edge.


  • Consumer Buying Behavior: The Multicultural Influence in the Philippines
    Original Research Article
    Country United Arab Emirates
  • Pages 71-75
  • Dr. Fermin G. Castillo, Jr.
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • By studying the consumer buying behavior of customer, the marketers are able to find innovative and creative solutions in dealing with their target market. Understanding their wants and needs are just the first step of the process that leads to buying decision to brand loyalty. This paper provides an insight on the consumer buying behavior the Filipino style as influence by colonial and foreign consumerism. Philippines is a unique county because of its rich heritage and influence by many foreign imperialism. The study of consumer behavior helps businesses and organizations to improve their current marketing strategies by applying new and unique selling proposition. Filipino style remains to be a very challenging task to marketers because they are intelligent consumer who wants more value for their money and more savings at the end of the transaction.


  • Whistle-Blowing System: A Recipe for Monitoring Corrupt Activities in Nigerian Universities
    Original Research Article
    Country Nigeria
  • Pages 76-85
  • Igboji, Kingsley O.
  • Abstract | pdf Pdf
  • Whistle blowing is an act aimed at unveiling or exposing gross misdeed associated with services rendered in public or private institutions. These acts which constitutes diverse dimensions of crimes popularly referred to as corruption has obviously eaten deep into the fabrics of virtually every sector of our economy including university education system. It is pathetic but frankly to remark that this imbroglio characterizing the society has remained unabated due to absence of secure reporting line. Hence, the development of Whistle-Blowing System with secure electronic avenue for reporting every act or conduct that contradicts and compromises ethical provisions. It creates seamless link to enroll prospective whistle-blowers, accepts documented reports with verifiable evidence, allows communication with investigators, protects whistle-blower’s identity and interfaces them for due rewards. The system development process adopted the object-oriented methodology with its tools such as use-case diagram, sequence diagram and flowcharts. Implementation protocol utilized a combination of Javascript/php/HTML at the front-end while MySQL was engaged at the back-end for appropriate data documentation. It is suited with enormous prospects for assisting management trap down most of the sharp practices and inconsequentialities inherent in most Nigerian universities by accepting user identity, the reports and processes same to specifications.